While reading about Calvino, his story Invisible Cities was mentioned and it piqued my interest. Calvino, being heavily influenced by modernism and part of the postmodernism movement, included many postmodernist ideas in the story. I found it interesting that the story displays a story within a story; the poems describing the city, and then Marco Polo’s communication with Kublai Khan. This, coupled with the obvious language barrier between Polo and Khan, highlights an important feature of postmodernism: a disbelief in absolute truth. Postmodernists believed that ones’ perception of the world is subjective. I believe that by juxtaposing Marco Polo and Kublai Khan and their language and social barriers, Calvino attempts to force the reader to imagine on his own. It almost becomes open-ended in a sense. The reader’s views are subjective and the author cannot determine them for him. This ambiguous nature, I believe, was a key factor of Calvino’s writing and his postmodernist ideals.
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