Archive for September, 2011
Dr. Douglas Richmond (History) is a recipient of the Distinguished Record of Research or Creative Activity in 2011 and a Fellow of the Center for Greater Southwestern Studies and the History of Cartography. He became involved with the U.S.-Mexican War of 1846-1848 when he helped organize a conference on this theme in 1985 in the form of a Webb Lectures symposium. Dr. Richmond edited the publication of papers from this conference, Essays on the Mexican War, in 1986 and co-edited another volume of essays, Dueling Eagles: Reinterpreting the U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848, in 2000.
Title and Abstract: ”The Mexican Struggle for Independence from Spain, 1810-1821″
Just as patriots in the United States, Mexican rebels initially sought local autonomy rather than independence. After two priests initiated regional insurrections, the war for independence often became local conflicts rather than a movement for national liberation. This became particularly evident when upper class forces battled Hidalgo and Morelos, who attempted to use the insurrection to obtain redress of socioeconomic problems. Eventually the criollo determination to control Mexico triumphed when the unheralded Iturbide provided the formula for consensus with his brilliant Plan de Iguala.