Words for ASVAB Exam Takers to Know

These words and definitions should be studied by ASVAB test takers.  They come from a 10,000  word list of the most commonly spoken words in American English appearing in Wikipedia.   The definitions are from out of copyright, 1913 or earlier dictionaries, or are my own definitions.

abandon  M to give up
abated    past tense of abate, which means to bring down, reduce, diminish
abreast   beside; aware of current events, in line
absorption              process  of absorbing
abstain                 refrain from doing or acting
abstract   M deep, hypothetical; also, a summary of written   material
abundance  plenty, great amount of a thing or things
abundant  sufficient, plentiful
abysmal   bottomless, pertaining to an abyss
accede           agree, assent, associate with others
accentuate  make prominent, emphasize
acclaim          verb: applaud, as a noun:  receiving applause
accrue   increase, grow in number or value, such as bank account interest accruing daily, quarterly
acquiesce               accept by silent consent, to go along with
adept   skilled, proficient
adipose          related to animal fat, fat in cells of adipose tissue
adverse                 opposite, unfavorable, contrary to desired result
aesthetic        related to senses such as sight
affectation             forced display, an awkward display
affinity                attraction, relationship, conformity
affix                   join, physically attach, fix onto
affliction              pain, grief, an illness or body condition causing pain
aghast                  terrified, horrified
agility                 nimble, ability to move quickly and easily
aimlessly               without aim or purpose
alacrity  cheerful readiness, eager brisk willingness
alias            another name by which a person or object is known
allay                   quiet, put at rest, alleviate, mitigate
allegiance       tie, fidelity, devotion, loyalty
allele [science]       part of a gene
allusion                reference to something assumed to be known, a hint
aloof   no sympathy or regard a person without any favor or sympathy
altercation      a dispute that may involve verbal argument, but may involve fighting
ambivalent              undecided, having mixed feelings about an action to take
amicable  friendly
amiss                   astray, wrong, out of order
ampere [electronics]    unit of electric current, one coulomb of electrons passing a point in one second
ample   abundant, sufficient to satisfy a requirement for …
anachronistic  erroneous, out of date
anarchy                 no government, lawlessness, confusion
anion   an atom that has gained an electron and now has a negative charge
anomie   feeling that one has no personal purpose in the world
antagonist  opponent, adversary
anthology  a collection
anxious    M       in suspense, worried, desire to please a person or do something correctly
apathetic               lacks feeling, indifferent
apparition              ghost, specter, phantom, sudden appearance of something
appellation             act of appealing, act of calling by a name
appoint     M   V    assign a person to a position of authority
approbation  approval, commendation
aptitude                natural or acquired capacity or ability, readiness to learn
archaic   antiquated, obsolete
arid   dry, barren
arrogant  haughty, having undue claims of being important
articulate  clear expression, distinctly spoken
artistic M demonstration of imagination and skill in art, sensitive to art and beauty
arsenal                 place where military arms and equipment are made or stored
ascertain               find out by trial, examination, experiment, the true condition
ascetic   austere, severe
askew                   awry, out of order or place
assent   agree, concur
assert   affirm, maintain or claim (a right to do something, state that something happened)
assist  M V aid or support
atonement               reconciliation, a reparation for an offense
attentive  regard with care or caution, observant
audition  an appearance before a judge or judges who decide if the person shall be chosen for a place or part
auger   a hand tool used for drilling holes, a machine that drills holes
augment   increase in size or number of units, people, equipment; swell
authentic  genuine, original
autonomous       independent,, able to control its own action or govern itself
avarice   greed, inordinate desire to gain more of things
average [arithmetic] the sum of a set of numbers divided by the total number of numbers
averse   disinclined, unwilling, reluctant
avert   prevent, turn aside
Avogadro’s Law [science]  When temperature and pressure are the same, equal volumes of all gases contain the
same number of molecules  pV = nRT  p = pressure, V = volume, n= amount of substance of the gas,
R = universal gas constant, T = temperature in degrees Kelvin scale
0 degrees Celsius = 273.15 degrees Kelvin
Boyle’s Law is related to Avogadro’s Law
AWG = American Wire Gauge   lowest numbers have widest diameter
awl [shop tool]
baluster [shop]
banal   commonplace, trivial, trite
banish   expel, order a person to go away
barbarous  cruel, vicious, merciless
befell   come to pass, to happen
beneficial  confer benefits, useful, helping
berth   space given to a ship at a dock or at anchor
beseech   beg, plead
bestow   award, give as a gift, confer on or confer upon
bevel rip  [shop tool]
binomial [mathematics]  two part
biome  plants and animals that have common characteristics due to similar climate
biscuit joiner [shop]   woodworking tool used to join two pieces of wood together
bleak    desolate, colorless, unpleasant landscape
blemish   noun:  mark, deformity, imperfection; verb:  tarnish, defame, deform
boisterous  rowdy
Boyle’s Law [science]   For an ideal gas, when temperature is constant Pressure1Volume1 = Pressure2Volume2 Avogadro’s Law related
brace   noun:  A support  verb: tighten, prepare for sudden de-acceleration or impact
brad   small wire nail
breach   as a legal term, violation of an agreement or promise; as a verb  to break through
breadboard [electronics] a board with holes drilled in in, used to create temporary electronic circuits
brevity   concise, of few words
buoyancy  floating on the surface; of a person, refers to cheerfulness good spirits
butane [science]        a hydrocarbon gas with formula C4H10
calamity  great misfortune or misery, an accident
caliber   in small arms, caliber refers to the width of the ammunition in hundredths of an inch
caliper [shop and mechanical]  measuring instrument with two metal lags that is used to measure distance between opposite sides
callow   immature
cam   a turning or sliding piece which causes intermittent motion of a machine part.  Cams cause valves to open or close
camaraderie  shared good feelings with others who have a common bond
camber   In automotive use, the camber angle is the degrees the tire is set off from perpendicular
camouflage  conceal, hide by covering or painting
camshaft                An engine shaft that one or more cams used in lifting the vales of the engine
capacitor [electronics] a component which stores an electric charge on plates separated by a non-conductor, but which will discharge the electricity
capacitive reactance   the measure of opposition to alternating current
capsize   overturn a boat or ship
caprice   whim, also used to describe moodiness
caste                   organization of people by social class and social status
catalyst  A chemical substance that modifies or increases the rate of reaction, but is not in the reaction.
cation   an ion with a positive charge that will move toward a negative electrode
cat’s paw [auto and shop]  not sure, this could be a pry bar
caustic   describes a chemical can burn skin; also used to describe speech which is hostile, sarcastic, or resentful
caution   to take care, to be on the watch, to warn, to be prudent
cautiously  acting with care in case harm may result
cease   to stop, to end
censure   reprimand, condemn
centrifugal  tending or causing to go out from the center
centripetal  tending or causing to go toward the center
cessation               ending of an event, such as the ending of a war
chafe   wear because of abrasion,  also to be impatient or angry
chamfer   [shop term]  two surfaces that meet together but have been cut, filed, to be less than 90 degrees
Charles’s Law [science]  The volume of a dry gas, divided by the temperature in degrees Kelvin, is a constant.
As temperature increases or decrease, volume changes
chasm   a deep and wide opening in the surface of the earth
chisel [noun, verb; shop tool] tool with flat blade with a cutting edge on one end
chuck  [shop tool noun, also verb] holding device used in lathe or drill to be cut or drilled
circumference [of circle = 2[value of pi]]  the greek letter pi
civil  M       of a city or state, also polite, courteous
clash  V interfere, oppose, strike against
cleft   divided, split
clemency  forgiveness, gentleness, usually granted by a judge or authority with punishment power
cliche    word or phrase which is used too frequently
coaxial                 having a common axis,  in electronics frequently used with the word cable
coefficient             a number used in math or physics; such as coefficient of friction
cog   tooth of a gear
commendable  praiseworthy, laudable
complementary [mathematics, degrees of a complementary angle added to degrees of adjacent angle = 90 degrees]
[supplementary angles added together = 180 degrees]
composure  temperament, calmness, steady under stress
concept   abstract or general idea
conciliatory  acting to bring together, to reconcile
concoction  combination of different ingredients
conductance      The opposite of resistance.  The formula to measure conductance is  G = A/pL
A is  the cross section area in circular mils , p is the specific resistance, and L is the length in feet.
             The Siemens is the name given to the unit of conductance.   R = 1/G    G = 1/R
conduction               conduction of heat, electricity, or sound
configure  arrange or put together
confines  area with specific boundaries
confound  confuse, perplex, mistake for something else
confront  oppose, deal with, accuse or criticize
congruent  agreeing, accordant; in geometry items that have all points coinciding
conjecture  speculation, guess
consensus  agreement, accord
console   cheer up; as a noun: a control panel of electronic device
constant  a thing or number that does not change; continuous
constrict  make narrow, cause to shrink in diameter
consummate  make perfect, having mastery
contemplate  look at for a long time, meditate, study
contempt  disrespect, disobedience to authority
contrive        cause or create because of special skill or ability
convection  transfer of heat, vertical movement of heat
converse  as verb: have conversation; as adjective: turned about reciprocal
conveyed  carried, transferred, passed from one person to another
copious          great quantity, abundant, plentiful
corroborate  confirm, support with evidence
Coulomb [electronics] quantity of electricity moving past a point when one volt and one ohm, or one ampere in one second
counterpart a  part which has the same function in another thing, or a person with the same job
courtesy  courteous act, remark, or manner
covalent [science] sharing of electrons between atoms
covert   secret, disguised
covet   wish, long, or crave for
cower   crouch or cringe
crankshaft  a shaft with one or more cranks, which are parts on the shaft which are attached to a moving piece, such as the piston with a rod connecting
craving   intense desire
creed   summary of opinions or opinions
crevice   narrow split in earth or rock or a wall
crimson   a shade of the color red
criterion  standard measuring something, judging something according to a standard
critical  very important, absence of a condition, or a part failure may cause damage and injury
CRT    cathode ray tube
culminate  end, bring to a close
cure   [noun,  sometime used to describe a process]
curtail   stop, reduce, cut short
cytoplasm:    Living material inside the cell membrane, but outside the nucleus and organelles.
dado blade [shop] type of circular saw blade, used to cut grooves or dadoes
decennial  every ten years
deception  the act of deceiving or misleading; the state of being deceived or misled
decibel [electronics] measurement of logarithmic unit of ratio of two values of a physical quantity
decimation              destruction of a considerable part of something or some group,  such as 10% or more
deferred  delayed
deficiency  lack, shortage
delete   remove, erase
delirious  not in a normal state of mind,  may be cause by dehydration, poison eaten, other causes that imbalance thinking
deluge                  to add greater than normal amounts of fluids such as word,  to send a large number of messages or people more than normal
denominator             [numerator/denominator 7/8]
denote   mark out, signify, to mean
density   ratio of mass to volume
deplete   use up or seriously reduce the supply of a thing.
deplore   complain about a situation, to feel grief about a situation
deportment  personal behavior
deride   to ridicule
desist   stop, cease
despair        hopelessness,  be the object of a feeling of hopelessness as a person
despot   tyrant, one who rules without regard to laws
destitution  state of being without resources, state of being needy
deter   prevent an event, prevent action by another person
detest   have scorn, strong dislike
deviate   change direction or planned course of action
dexterity  able to perform some task with ease
diagnose  recognizing a condition, usually bad or confusing, which affects a person or organization
diaphanous  transparent material, although sometimes used to describe translucent material
diameter  the distance across a circle; two times the radius
die [shop]  n. a metal form used in forging, coin making
dielectric  non-conducting substance, found in capacitors
differential [automotive, mathematics]  automotive”  a set of gears that permit two wheels to turn at different speeds
diffident  not resolute, demurring
diffuse   spread into a larger volume of liquid, or to spread information out to a large group of people
diligent  alert. watchful
diminish    decrease in size or value
din   noise, confused sound
diode  [electronics] an electronic device that rectifies electric current to direct current
disabuse  debunk, correct an erroneous belief or opinion
discern   identify by noting differences, distinguish between
disconcerted  thrown into confusion
disconnect  sever, separate, dissolve a connection
disconsolate  sad, filled with grief, melancholy, cheerless
discovered  found, revealed, find something which was concealed or secret
disingenuous  not sincere, not honest
disperse  scatter, diffuse, spread
dissension  disagreement of opinion, usually strong or heated, with angry words spoken
disseminate  spread, distribute,
dissipate  weaken, squander, spread without care
dissent   disagree from the opinions or decisions of  others
dissuade                persuade a person or organization to not do something, discourage
distort   pervert, twist the meaning
doldrums                a state of listlissness, ennui.  Originally a part of the ocean near the equator
with light winds or calm, or storm squalls
domain
drab   without color or shiny finish; dull
dreary   dismal, bleak, drab
drizzle   slow steady fall of rain
drudgery  monotonous work
droll                   amusing,but considered to be odd
dubious   doubt about the truth, skeptical
ecosystem     M         a system of interconnected organisms within their environment
ecstatic  in a state of ecstasy, delighted, rapturous
edge       M  a border, as a verb to trim the side of material
electron [science, electronics]  the negatively charged part of an atom that orbits the nucleus
electronegativity [science]  measurement of the power of an atom to attract bonding electrons.
Fluorine is the most electronegative element. all others increase in value
the closer the element is in the periodic table.
elementary              simple, introductory, having only one part
elevate   raise to a higher level or position
elite   select, group at the top of social ranking
eloquent  able to express strong emotion, or talk with fluency and power
embark   to begin a project; to go on board a ship
enchant   delight, charm
encode   make text from one language into cryptologic text, to write in computer program language
encounter  face to face meeting, a sudden or incidental meeting, a hostile meeting
endeavor  try, attempt, work toward to fulfilling some thing
endoplasmic reticulum:  cell organelle that produces, processes, and transports proteins and lipids
endothermic [science]   a reaction that requires the absorption of heat
enduring  lasting, durable
energy level [science]  electrons orbit an atom’s nucleus at specified distances
engrossing              very interesting, holding a person’s attention
enigma   action or thing which is not easily explained, a puzzle
enlighten  to increase knowledge, to inform
entente   agreement
enumerate               to count
entice   allure, attract.  Frequently used to mean lead astray
entreaty            beseech, petitioning, pressing solicitation
equilateral [math]      all sides are equal  a triangle has 3 60 degree angles
equivalent  equal to
equivocal               questionable
erratic   irregular, random movements, deviating from normal
erect   raise, set upright, build or construct
evoke   call to mind, bring out by recalling
exalt   praise, honor, elevate in rank, dignity
excessive  beyond normal limit, unreasonable
exothermic [science]    a chemical reaction that generates heat
expendable  disposable, not to be re-used, insignificant
expedient  means to an end, promoting one’s own interests
expertise  having special skill or knowledge
exploit   a deed or act, to make use of, to harm people or things
expressive  indicative, communicative, emphatic
exult                rejoice, be in high spirits, be elated
facilitate
Farad [electronics]  A Farad is the storage of electrons producing a voltage difference of one volt
across terminals while producing one ampere per second.    This is a very large unit, and most capacitors have
values measured in microfarads  (thousandths of a Farad)  or picofarads.
fathom  nautical: 6 feet.  as a verb: to understand, comprehend
feasible possible, capable of being done
feign  pretend, to counterfeit
fertile V inventive, prolific, producing in abundance
fervent         ardent, earnest, intense spirit for a thing or idea
fiasco  complete failure,
filibuster an obstructive tactic that is allowed by the rules of procedure to prevent another action from being taken
fitful  impulsive, unstable
flammable      easily set on fire;  regulatory agencies have set 100 degrees F. or 37.8 degrees C. as the flash point
Inflammable and flammable mean the same thing, use nonflammable to describe something that does not burn
flank  at the side, to move along the side
flaunt  to ostentatiously display, show off
flex  bend an object
flexible M able to bent or twisted without breaking     4267
florid  flushed with a reddish color, or: excessively ornate
flounder     move in awkward way or respond to questions in an awkward way,  the fish known as the flounder lives on the bottom and moves about by flopping
flout  mock, insult, act in a way that is not generally acceptable
flush  as verb:  to cause a tank to empty; ass an adverb:  even with the surface of another thing
flux            chemical that cleans the connection area.  Melted solder flows easily and prevents oxidation.  Acid core
flux is used to solder sheet metal.  Rosin flux is used in electrical and electronics work.
folio  a sheet of paper; also a collection of created works such        as           art, writing, music
forgive V pardon for an offense
formidable creating fear, alarming
Forstner bit [shop]
fortnight a time period of two weeks.
fractious scold, cross, ugly manner or thought
fret               worry, be agitated
furtive         action undertaken to avoid detection, done by stealth,  facial expression and manners that attempt to conceal actions
garish  showy , ostentatious, also used describe
garnered gathered, stored
gaudy  ostentatious, but also thought of as cheap or tawdry
gaunt  lean, meager, grim appearance
Gay-Lussac Law [science]
generic  very comprehensive, in medicine used to non-trademark drugs
germinate sprout, bud, begin to develop
ghastly  horrible appearance, hideous
glare  dazzling light, as a verb to look harshly at another person
glossy  smooth and shiny
grandeur state of being grand or magnificent
grate  rub harshly, irritate, offend
grave  as adjective:  serious, solemn, somber
groan  low, moaning sound
gauge  measure, determine, as a noun: a measuring instrument
haggard  wasted or anxious in appearance
haphazard random, by chance, done without a plan
hapless  unfortunate, unlucky
harden          strengthen, confirm, become harder
harmony  agreement with facts, in music it has another meaning
haughty  disdaining, contemptuous, overbearing
heave  throw, cast, raise or force forward or upward
heed  mind, consider, obey
Henry [electronics]  the unit of electrical inductance
Hertz [electronics]  one cycle of electronic signal change  cycle is the same as hertz
heptagon [mathematics 128 degree angles] sometimes; septagon
heterozygote a person  with two different alleles of the same gene
hexagon [mathematics 120 degree internal angles]
hinder  prevent, impose an obstacle, to retard
hoard  a stock of things, as a verb: to collect and amass in quantity
homozygote a person with two identical alleles of the same gene
hopeless        having no hope of success or good
hub  at the center, also part of a wheel at the center
hysterical extremely funny, also can be a person with uncontrolled emotions
igneous  [science]  rocks produced by fire or melting, such as basalt and lava
ignoble  not honorable, base
immiscible not capable of being mixed or mingled; such as oil and water
impair  make worse, diminish
impart  give, grant, communicate knowledge
impartial  not partial, not favoring one side over another
impassive apathetic, unmoved
impedance [electronics]  apparent resistance to flow of alternating current
impede  deter, slow
impenetrable    cannot be pierced or penetrated
imperative vital requirement
imperious haughty, lordly, overbearing, arrogant
imperturbability  not easily disturbed or activated
impetuous moving with force, hasty, passionate
implement  accomplish, carry out
impose   lay on a charge or burden or penalty
impotent  lacking power, strength, vigor
improbable  unlikely, not probable
imprudent  indiscreet, a bad choice, improper
impunity  to do with fear of punishment or harm
incense   As a verb: to anger, enrage
incensed  angered, enraged
incidental  casual, subordinate, not primary
incomprehensible not capable of being comprehended or understood
incredulous  easily imposed upon, unsuspecting
indefatigable  not capable of being fatigued,  tireless
indignant  angry, upset
indispensable  can be omitted
indolent                idle, lazy, inactive
induct   bring in, introduce, cause a magnetic field or electric current to be added
inductance    The opposition to changes in circuit current.  Unit of measurement is the HENRY  H.  Inductance symbol is L.
An inductor has one Henry of inductance if the electromotive force  current through the coil changes at one Ampere
per second.
induction      introduce or bring in; bring electric or magnetic force into an object
inductive reactance  The opposition to alternating current by a coil of wire
X subscript L = 2<value of pi>fL   f is the frequency of alternating current in hertz (example 60 hertz)
L = Inductance measured in Henry units
indulge       as a verb: often used to say that one is gratifying one’s tastes
inert       motionless, also not explosive,
inexorable     relentless, unyielding
inexplicable not capable of being explained, not capable of being accounted for
infer  derive by induction or deduction, conclude from facts or premises
infirm  not strong, weak, feeble
inflammable     A language surprise.  It means the same as flammable.  Both terms refer to something that can easily catch fire and burn.
Use the word nonflammable when you seek a word to describe a substance that does not burn or does not easily burn
inflict  to strike, to cause to suffer
inform M communicate information or knowledge
infraction violation, a minor violation of rules or laws
ingenious skilled at inventing
inherent permanent existence in something, inalienable
iniquity gross injustice, deviation from justice or righteousness
initiate start, commence, begin
innate  inborn, natural
inscribe write or engrave, usually on metal, glass, or plastic
inscription     Writing or engraving on a thing,
insolent haughty, brusque, overbearing, insulting
institute M (as a noun); in this list as a verb: to establish
insubordination disobedient to lawful authority
insurmountable  incapable of being passed over or overcome
insurrection uprising against authority or an established government
intensify       make more intense
interior  M     inside of an object, building, distant from boundaries
interminable seeming to have no limit or boundaries
intermittently  with intermissions, with intervals
interpose place between, step in, intrude
intimidate make timid or fearful, to deter
intrusion forcing in, especially where unwanted or unauthorized
ionic  (Chemistry)  having free electrons
iridescent      surface colors that seem to change when viewed from different angles.
ironic  a result that is opposite of what was expected
irk  annoy
irrational void of reason, not rational, absurd
irregular occurring at different, perhaps random intervals; not regular
irresolute wavering, not resolute,
isobutane [science, shop] colorless gas; also shipped as liquified gas, C 4 H 10  Carbon 4 atoms, Hydrogen 10 atoms
isolation act of isolating; also means separated from others
isomer     (chemistry) a molecule with the same chemical formula as another molecule, but a different structure.
isosceles [geometry]  triangle with two sides of equal length
itinerant traveler  who is passing through, wanderer, going on a circuit
itinerary  travel plan with names of places on travel route
judicious  wise, sage, sound judgement
kerf    cut in wood made by a saw
kinetic   related to the motion of physical objects
laconic  brief, concise, using few words
lament  sorrow, grief, mourn
languid  weak, lacking spirit, weary
lax  loose, not strict, weak
leer  facial expression of contempt or scorn
livid  angry, infuriated, enraged
malice M enmity, malice, ill will
malign  treat with malice, to wrong, to injure
maxim  principle or proposition, proverb
meager  destitute of strength, quality or quantity
meander  winding crooked route; to wind or follow a  non-straight route
median           middle value of a group of numbers
meiosis          cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in half,  in humans from 46 to 23.
mercurial  unpredictable, having an angry temper
mesmerize to bring the minds and thoughts of others under the control of another, named after a Dr. Mesmer
of Vienna,  Austria in the early 1700s
miasma  infectious particles or germs in the air; noxious air, noxious effluvia
mien  manner, demeanor, bearing
milieu  surroundings
mimesis  imitation, mimicry
mingle  mix, associate with other people, move among others
mitochondrion   organelle found in cytoplasm of cells,  contains enzymes that convert food to energy
mitosis          cell division in which the cell divides in two, and both cells have the same number of chromosomes
modulate         [physics] [electronics; controlling the amplitude AM or transmitted frequencies FM
of a radio signal
mole (chemistry   a chemical mass unit.  1 mole of NH3 weighs about 17 grams. 14 gams N and 3 x 1 gram H.
1 mole of butane C4H10  is ~58 grams  4 C x12 + 10 H x 1 = 58
momentum mass times velocity
monera  prokaryotic organisms  no nuclear membrane, no organelles except ribosomes.  bacteria, blue-green algae
morbid  gruesome, unhealthy, diseased
mundane  commonplace, ordinary
muse            think about something, meditate, wonder
muster  collect and display, get together
mutualism       mutual dependence between organisms with each benefitting
myriad  an immense number of people or things
necessity required, indispensable; the quality of being
negate   contradict, deny the truth of, show as false

newton          force producing acceleration of one meter per second on a mass of one kilogram
nominal  insignificant, trifling, minimum
notorious       broadly known by the public, but in an undesirable way; notorious criminal
novice  unskilled, beginner;  tyro is sometimes substituted for novice

obstinate unyielding, difficult to subdue or remove
occurrence incident, event  M  occur (verb)
omen  occurrence supposed to be an indicator of a future event
opinion  M (noun) V formal decision by judge or umpire, conviction about what is true
oppressed burdened; also used for group controlled by a bad group or government
optimal         ideal, desirable situation
option  choice among multiple choices, an alternative
opulence a display of wealth, riches, affluent
ordinance       a local government law or regulation,
original  M     new, genuine, not previously in existence
oscillate fluctuate between limits, move back and forth
oscilloscope an electronic device that measures amplitude versus time unit,
panoply   tool, implement; a plural meaning can mean armor or armament
pantheon  place of heroes or idols, a public building with memorials
paragon   something against which other things are matched, held out as an example of excellence
parallel [mathematics]  two lines are equal distance from each other
partake   eat and drink
pastoral  rural
PCV positive crankcase ventilation [auto]  system to control gases exhaust pollution
penance                 an act to atone for offense to another person
pendulum                a device used to regulate clock movements
penitent                as an adjective: feeling pain or sorrow, as noun: perso repenting of sin
pensive   thinking about
pentagon [mathematics, 108 degree angle]
pensive   thoughtful, sober, or sad
perception  act of perceiving
peripheral  at the edge, on the fringe,
pernicious  able to cause disease or bodily harm
perplexed  confused, puzzled
pert   lively, brisk
phloem [biology, science] inner bark, different from the xylem
photodiode [electronics] a semiconductor that is activated by light
picayune  paltry, petty
pier                    most frequently, a projection into water, “the fishing pier”
pine   to be in pain or longing for
pinion [auto]  a small gear which moves within another gear; also the gear which moves along a rack
pique   excite to action, arouse curiosity, has other meanings
pizeoelectric [electronics]
pizeoelectric effect  some crystals such as quartz begin to vibrate when electricity is applied to them.
placid   calm, smooth-surfaced
plaintive  lament, mournful, sad
plunge   thrust, enter quickly
polygon   a multi-sided figure, usually 5 or more sides
pompous   ostentatious, boastful, pretentious
ponder   think about an event or a time past or present
portend   to warn before some event happens
portrayal  act of portraying, such as acting the role of a historic person
potentiometer       currently used to described a variable resistor
practical  useful
precedent  preceding,  an example that is used to justify a decision
precipitous  hasty, rash, sudden
predecessor  the person who precedes another in any position or office
predict  M foretell, prophesy a future event
preferential  having a preference or precedence
prerequisite M       a thing or event that must be completed before another can occur
pretence or  pretense   claiming to be another person or having accomplished something
prevalent  most widely occurring, practiced, or adopted
previous M happening before, prior
primeval  related to earliest time period of the world
priority  an action tat should be performed, a higher ranking
profess   open declaration, to proclaim oneself as an authority
prolong   extend the length or time, to put off or postpone
prominent  standing out, projecting, distinguished from other people
prone   flat against the ground,  also as a verb having a tendency to
propriety  appropriateness, correctness, justness
prosecution  act of prosecuting or carrying out, attempting to accomplish something
protist                 most have only one cell, do have a nucleus, are not plants, animals, or fungi, most live in water
proton [science, electronics] Stable particle, positive charge, number of protons in an atom changes with each element
prototype  original or model on which others will be designed or modeled
provocation  act of provoking or causing anger, the event that causes anger, resentment, an incitement
proximity  degree or distance of being close to an object
prudent   wise, careful, discreet
pulley                  has a wheel with a grooved rim for a rope or cable;  used to change direction of motion or to help transmit power
punctual  present at regular or appointed times
purport   used to claim that a condition existed, alleged to have occurred
quad- four  quad- = four ; quadriceps is a group of four muscles on the front of the thigh
quadratic [mathematics] in algebra, is used in equations where the highest power of unknown quantities is 2.
quay   a wharf that is usually parallel to the shoreline
quint -five  one of five
quiver   shake or tremble; also refers to a case containing arrows.
rabbet  [auto, shop]    a joint with a groove cut into one piece to receive/hold the other
rabble   disorderly crowd, mob, Shakespeare used it to refer to lowest class
rack [auto, shop]
ramshackle  run-down
ratio M  relationship of one number to another, example 3:5
raucous          hoarse, loud, rough, also used for boisterous,
RC circuit [electronics] resistor and capacitor
reactance               resistance to electric current flow by inductance and capacitance
Inductance measured in Henrys, Capacitance by Farads
reap   gather, obtain, can be good or bad
reckless  careless, indifferent to danger
recluse   person who retreats from the world and people
rectify   correct
recuperate  regain health
redress   set in order, correct a wrong
redundant  superfluous, excess
reform   correct, restore to original order or shape
refute   prove a statement is incorrect
reign   authority of a monarch, also the territory of a monarch
relish   a food, but also used as a verb such as to taste, savor, or enjoy
remorse   regret for past sin, sense of guilt
rendezvous  meeting place, as verb to go to a meeting place
renounce  formally decline, disown, reject
repress  V subdue, suppress, as in repress a rebellion
reproof   express blame or censure
requisite  required, indispensable
reserved M set aside; restrained action or appearance
reside   to live at a specific location
resolution  the act, operation, or process of resolving.  Also can mean a decision made by a person or approved
after discussion and a vote by a group
resolve   finding a solution, a decision (He had a resolve to get a high ASVAB score)
resound   in a loud sound, to echo
respiration  inhale and exhale
respite   delay, pause, time of rest
reticent  hesitant, not communicative
reverie   a daydream, a vision
revolution   -ary  -ize turning around on an axis; a change in political organization
ribosome:    The site of protein synthesis within the cell.
right angle [mathematics, 90 degree angle]
rip blade [shop]
rivet   metal pin holding two pieces together. beaten down so that the bottom spreads out
riveting  act of joining with rivets; also something that holds attention, riveting story
RMS  root mean square .707 of voltage [electronics]
rocker arm     an automotive term
rude   unpolished or unfinished, lacking tact and manners
rudimentary    elementary, initial, primitive
rudiments  fundamental facts or knowledge
sage   wise, smart
salutary  promoting health, beneficial
sanctity  sacred, solemn
sanguine  optimistic, positive
sarcastic  taunting, scornful
scale   to climb; also a metal oxide; zoology: membrane; other definitions
scanty   wanting, lacking in coverage
scarce   not abundant, difficult to find
scatter   to separate in different directions, move apart from others
schematic [electronics] diagram of an electronic or mechanical system
scorn   contempt, disdain, scoff at
scruple          having doubt or hesitation about taking a course of action
sear   most frequently used to describe superficial burn
secondary  not first or primary, second in importance
secret  -ive -ly M V   hidden, concealed, not widely known
sediment  matter settling out of a liquid, material of sedimentary rocks
semiconductor           matter with electrical conductivity between insulator and conductor
sequester  isolate or hide away
serene   quiet, peaceful, placid
sham   make-believe, deception
shear   cutting something, such as cloth or sheet metal
shim [auto, shop]       thin piece of metal inserted between two parts
slosh   walk through mud, spill or splash clumsily
small   little, limited
smudge   smoky fire, or: a blemish from dirt
sodden   soaked with water
solace   comfort in grief, relaxation
solemn   moment of contemplation, serious reflection
solenoid [electronics]  in vehicles, a device that transmits electricity from battery to engine
sordid   filthy, vile, gross, vulgar
spartan   hardy, undaunted
spite   ill-will toward others, to ate
spurious  counterfeit, false, not legitimate
staid   sober, steady, sedate
stalwart  brave, strong,, a person loyal to her/his allegiance
steadfast  firmly fixed, firm, unwavering
stealth   secret action,
stench   foul odor
stigma -tize  sign or mark of disgrace, conduct that is dishonorable
stochiometric [science] In automotive gasoline engines, the stoichiometric ration is 1:12. something
stochiometric point [science]
strident  harsh, grating, shrill
strive   labor hard, exert; struggle with, to contend with
subduction’  in geology, one crustal plate is forced under another
sublimate  heating a solid so that it turns to a vapor, which returns to solid when cooled
sublimation  the process by which a solid is converted to a gaseous state
sublime   lifted up, lofty, sometimes used to mean haughty and proud
subsume   take up into or under, include under something else
suffice   to be enough, to be adequate
sufficient  fills a requirement without being abundant or too much
sullen   usually used to describe a person who is ill-humored, morose, peevish, gloomy
sumptuous  costly, expensive, splendid, magnificent
superficial  shallow, not deep or profound
supposition  conjecture, opinion or belief without evidence of truth.
surmise   noun and verb related to imagination, guess, suspicion
surreptitious           clandestine, stealthy, done on the quiet
syntactic  putting together in order; related to the word syntax
tacit   silent, agreeing without saying yes or no
tactile   related to touch
tantalize  tease or torment but keeping out of reach
tame   reduce from a wild condition, dull, flat, spiritless
tapestry  a fabric, a carpet,
taps [auto, shop]
telemetry  transmission by automatic instruments as in radio transmitters
tenacious  holding fast, retentive,
tenuous   thin, slender, lacking substance
terse   brief, concise, short
thwart    prevent, counter
tout   to advocate and seek customers
trait   distinguishing feature
trance   psychological state resembling sleep
transaxle          found in front wheel drive vehicles.
transducers             convert light, heat, sound, and pressure to electricity.  A microphone is a transducer.
translate               most common definition:  to convert to another language
transpire               to evaporate; to escape from secrecy, to become public
transpiration  the act of transpiring or excreting as vapor
trapezoid [mathematics, 4 sides unequal length
tremulous  shaking, trembling
triangle [mathematics, internal angles add to 180]
trite                   worn out, hackneyed, something that has lost novelty
trivial                 common, ordinary, little worth
tumult                  commotion, agitation, most often violent
twisted   contorted, perverted
ubiquitous              found in many places,  omnipresent
umbrage   jealousy of another, resentment, feeling that one is overshadowed by another
unanimity               agreement by all present as to what should be done
uncouth   lacking refinement, vulgar
undertake  undertook  M begin, attempt , promise to begin or attempt
underwrite  subscribe, guarantee support
universal joint [auto]  connecting two rotating shafts allowing movement in all directions
urbanity  civility, courteous in manner, politeness
usurp                   forcibly seize, take power or rights away from people
vacuum   region with no matter or gas,  also an appliance that cleans by suction
variable  able to change,  in math, a quantity which can change value
vascular [science] vessels that circulate fluids
vehement  ardent, angry, violent
verify   confirm
vernier calipers [shop]  a measuring gauge with a sliding bar with a scale
versatile  an adjective meaning to have many skills
vertex            top of an angle, point where two lines meet,
vex   to aggravate, annoy
vexatious  aggravating, annoying
vigilant  watchful, on guard
vindictive  wanting to seek revenge, punitive
viscous   resistance to flow, sticky
viscosity [the measure of how viscous a fluid is]
volition  an action done by a person’s free will
volt [electronics]
voluntary  action taken without being asked
vortex   a fluid such as air or water that has a whirling or circular motion, a whirlpool
wary   cautious, careful, suspicious that bad may happen
Watt   Unit of Power Volts times Amperes equal Watts
wedge
whimsical  quaint, characterized by whims
willful   voluntary, intentional
wretched  miserable, in distress
xerophyte  using  little water
xylem     [biology, water ]
zener diode  [electronics]

URLs for lists of Cong. Budg. Office publications 1975-2009

Catalog of government publications of G.P.O. almost 16,000 records with Congressional Budget Office in the title. 1293 with CBO as author

CBO publications [electronic resource] : 1975 to 1999.  2008
United States.Congressional Budget Office.
Y 10.15:975-999
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo14061

CBO publications [electronic resource] : January 2000 to December 2009.
2009
United States.Congressional Budget Office.
Y 10.15:2000-2009

http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo14086  2000-2009

Information from Congressional Hearings 2015 and 2016, Congressional Budget Office

I used the Catalog of Government Publications  http://  catalog.  gpo.  gov/F  remove spaces to get a working URL

to look for information about the “Congressional Budget Office”.   I created a file titled CBInfo.txt,  and am posting a copy of it here.

I think that it is very interesting that the House and Senate Appropriation Committees reports on the Legislative Appropriations Bills of the past two bills are less than one paragraph long in the CBO section.  The sections only talk about how much money is to be appropriated, and the amount relationship to prior years.

Affordable Care Act
https://permanent.access.gpo.gov/gpo76677/52371-coverageandpremiums.pdf
       This is a 4 page document prepared in January, 2017, and is NOT the document of March, 2017 which has become so controversial.    I am looking for it.  As of March 13, 2017, it may be still be available only at the
CBO website,  http://  www. cbo.   gov
Y 4.AP 6/2:S.HRG.114-177
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo66598
https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CHRG-114shrg93127/pdf/CHRG-114shrg93127.pdf
   pages 1 to 9, and 24 to 38  This hearing session was held March 10, 2015
Using the search term  “Legislative Branch Appropriations
Select Row
Legislative branch appropriations, 2017 : report (to accompany H.R. 2955).
2016
United States.Congress.Senate.Committee on Appropriations,
Y 1.1/5:114-258
2
Select Row
Legislative branch appropriations, 2017 : report (to accompany H.R. 2955).
2016
United States.Congress.Senate.Committee on Appropriations,
Y 1.1/5:114-258
3
Select Row
Legislative branch appropriations, 2017 : report (to accompany H.R. 2955).
2016
United States.Congress.Senate.Committee on Appropriations,
Y 1.1/5:114-258
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo68322
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo68323
4
Select Row
Legislative Branch appropriations bill, 2017 : report together with minority views (to accompany H.R. 5325).
2016
United States.Congress.House.Committee on Appropriations,
Y 1.1/8:114-594
5
Select Row
Legislative Branch appropriations bill, 2017 : report together with minority views (to accompany H.R. 5325).
2016
United States.Congress.House.Committee on Appropriations,
Y 1.1/8:114-594
6
Select Row
Legislative Branch appropriations bill, 2017 : report together with minority views (to accompany H.R. 5325).
2016
United States.Congress.House.Committee on Appropriations,
Y 1.1/8:114-594
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo68501
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo68502
7
Select Row
Legislative branch appropriations for 2017 : hearings before the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives,
One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, second session / 2016
United States.Congress.House.Committee on Appropriations.Subcommittee on Legislative Branch,
Y 4.AP 6/1:L 52/2017/
8
Select Row
Legislative branch appropriations for 2017 : hearings before the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives,
One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, second session / 2016
United States.Congress.House.Committee on Appropriations.Subcommittee on Legislative Branch,
Y 4.AP 6/1:L 52/2017/
http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo68785    go to part 2.
Hearing held March 22, 2016   CBO statement on pages 221 to 224

ASVAB Word List September 18 2016 update

I think that a fluent speaker of American English uses a vocabulary of about 10,000 words.  I have created a list of words to help prepare for the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery.  Some words have definitions which come from dictionaries no longer covered by copyright, or from my own spontaneous definition as I read the list.

Here is the list, which will be updated on a regular basis.

 

abandon  to give up
abated   past tense of abate, which means to bring down, reduce, diminish
abreast
absorption
abstain  keep from, restrain
abstract
abundance
abundant
abysmal      bottomless, pertaining to an abyss
accede          agree, assent, associate with others
accentuate  make prominent, emphasize
acclaim         applaud, as a noun:  receiving applause
accrue          increase, grow in number or value, such as bank account
interest accruing daily, quarterly
acquiesce      accept or agree to, but not with enthusiasm or strong
agreement
adept            skilled, proficient
adipose         related to animal fat, fat in cells of adipose tissue
adverse         acting against, contrary, unfavorable
aesthetic       related to senses such as sight
affectation     false display, artificial show
affinity        relationship,  attraction
affix           attach, annex, fix or fasten
affliction      distress, state of pain or grief; synonyms are calamity,
distress
aghast          terrified, amazed with a sense of horror or terror
agility         quality of being to move quickly and easily
aimless         without aim or purpose
alacrity cheerful readiness, eager brisk willingness
alias           another name by which a person or object is known
allay           pacify or appease,  alleviate, mitigate
allegiance
allele  [science]
allusion
aloof  no sympathy or regard a person without any favor or sympathy
altercation     a dispute that may involve verbal argument, but may
involve fighting
ambivalent
amicable friendly
amiss           astray, faulty, out of order
ampere [electronics]  the unit of electric current, one coulomb of
electrons passing a point in one second
ample  abundant, sufficient to satisfy a requirement for …
anachronistic erroneous, out of date
anarchy         confusion or disorder, absence of government
anion  an atom that has gained an electron and now has a negative
charge
anomie  feeling that one has no personal purpose in the world
antagonist      opponent, adversary
anthology      a collection
anxious
apathetic       indifferent, without any emotion
apparition       ghost, specter
appellation      word by which a person is known or called,  Mr.,
Corporal, etc.
appoint
approbation      the act of approving,  synonyms include approval,
consent
aptitude
archaic
arid
arrogant
articulate clear expression, distinctly spoken
artistic demonstration of imagination and skill in art, sensitive to art
and beauty
arsenal
ascertain       find out or learn for certain
ascetic         austere, severe
askew           awry, out of order, misplaced
assent
assert
assist  aid or support
atonement       making reparation , making amends
attentive
audition an appearance before a judge or judges who decide if the
person shall be chosen for a place or part
auger  a hand tool used for drilling holes, a machine that drills holes
augment         increase or enlarge in size or number
authentic genuine, original
autonomous      independent,, able to control its own action or
govern     itself
avarice           excessive desire for gain, greediness
average          in arithmetic, the sum of a set of numbers divided by the
total number of numbers
averse
avert           turn aside, ward off, prevent
Avogadro’s Law [science]
AWG = American Wire Guage
awl [shop tool]
baluster [shop]
banal            commonplace, trivial, trite
banish
barbarous       uncivilized, rude, being a barbarian
befell
beneficial
berth           nautical term for the place where a ship lies at anchor or at
a wharf
beseech  beg, plead
bestow
bevel rip  [shop tool]
binomial [mathematics]
biome  plants and animals that have common characteristics due to
similar climate
biscuit joiner [shop]  woodworking tool used to join two pieces of wood
together
bleak           colorless, desolate, cold and cutting
blemish  noun:  mark, deformity, imperfection; verb:  tarnish, defame,
deform
boisterous      synonyms are load, roaring, violent, rude
Boyle’s Law [science]
brace           a thing which holds something or supports it, also as a verb
brad            a thin nail
breach          noun or verb.  noun: a gap  common verb use: to break
through  in law breaking or infraction of obligation
breadboard [electronics]
brevity  concise, of few words
buoyancy
butane [science]
calamity
caliber         diameter of a cylindrical body, such as a bullet
caliper [shop and mechanical]  measuring instrument with two metal
legs that is used to measure distance between opposite sides
callow                  immature, boyish
cam
camaraderie  shared good feelings with others who have a common
bond
camber   In automotive use, the camber angle is the degrees the tire is
set off from perpendicular
camouflage  conceal, hide by covering or painting
camshaft                An engine shaft that one or more cams used in lifting
the valves of the engine
capacitor [electronics]
capacitive reactance  the measure of opposition to alternating current
capsize                 upset or overturn
caprice                 abrupt change in feeling, opinion, or action
caste                   a social ranking of a group of people compared with
others
catalyst  A chemical substance that modifies or increases the rate of
reaction, but is not in the reaction.
cation   an ion with a positive charge that will move toward a negative
electrode
cat’s paw [auto and shop]
caustic                 burning, corrosive
caution  to take care, to be on the watch, to warn, to be prudent
cautiously
cease  to stop, to end
censure         act of finding fault
centrifugal tending or causing to go out from the center
centripetal  tending or causing to go toward the center
cessation
chafe           wear by rubbing, to fret, to irritate
chamfer         verb in carpentry, to cut a furrow or groove in
Charles’s Law [science]
chasm           deep and wide opening
chisel [noun, verb; shop tool]
chuck  [shop tool noun, also verb]
circumference [of circle = 2[value of pi]]  the greek letter pi
civil
clash  interfere, oppose, strike against
cleft           space or opening made by splitting
clemency forgiveness,gentleness, usually granted by a judge or
authority with punishment power
cliche  a word or phrase which is used too frequently
coaxial
coefficient     mathematics:  the number before the letter in a formula,
in mathematics:   2x  2  is the coefficient
cog
commendable
complementary [mathematics, degrees of a complementary angle
added to degrees of adjacent angle = 180]
composure
concept
conciliatory acting to bring together, to reconcile
concoction        combinaton of different ingredients
conductance    The opposite of resistance.  The formula to measure
conductance is  G = A/pL
A is  the cross section area in cirular mils , p is the specific
resistance, and L is the length in feet.    The Siemens is the name
given to the unit of conductance.   R = 1/G    G = 1/R
conduction
configure     to arrange in a certain form, or to add specific equipment
to a device
confines
confound            to confuse
confront                oppose firmly
congruent  agreeing, accordant in geometry items that have all points
coinciding
conjecture          opinion or judgement made on a guess or presumptive
evidence
consensus       agreement, accord
console             as a verb  to cheer up, to alleviate grief
constant
constrict        make narrow, cause to shrink in diameter
consummate          adj.  complete, perfect
contemplate
contempt
contrive            devise, invent, plan
convection
converse           commune, talk.  It can also be be used to describe a
statement in which the parts are reversed.
conveyed carried, transferred, passed from one person to another
copious         great quantity, abundant, plentify
corroborate
Coulomb [electronics]  quantity of electricity moving past a point when
one volt and one ohm, or one ampere in one second
counterpart a  part which has the same function in another thing, or a
person with the same job
courtesy
covalent [science]
covert
covet
cower           to quail, to sink down in fear
crankshaft a shaft with one or more cranks, which are parts on the
shaft which are attached to a moving piece, such as the piston
with    a  rod connecting
craving
creed
crevice
crimson
criterion standard measuring something, judging something
accordingto a standard
critical very important, absence of a condition, or a part failure may
cause damage and injury
CRT cathode ray tube
culminate
cure   [noun,  sometime used to describe a process]
curtail  stop, reduce, cut short
cytoplasm:  Living material inside the cell membrane, but outside the
nucleus and organelles.
dado blade [shop]
decennial               a ten year period;
deception  the act of deceiving or misleading; the state of being
deceived or misled
decibel [electronics]
decimation  the destruction of a considerable part of something or
some group,  such as 10% or more
deferred  delayed
deficiency
delete
delirious
deluge
denominator [numerator/denominator 7/8]
denote   mark , to point out
density
deplete   use up or seriously reduce the supply of a thing.
deplore
deportment  personal behavior
deride   to ridicule
desist  to stop, to cease
despair      hopelessness,  be the object of a feeling of hopelessness as a
person
despot
destitution  state of being without resources, state of being needy
deter
detest
deviate
dexterity  skill and ease in using the hands
diagnose  recognizing a condition, usually bad or confusing, which
affects a person or organization
diaphanous  transparent material, although sometimes used to
describe translucent material
diameter
die [shop]
dielectric  nonconductor
differential [automotive, mathematics]
diffident   lacking confidence, modest, bashful, hesitant
diffuse                 to spread out in all directions, such as adding a liquid
to another liquid
diligent
diminish
din
diode  [electronics]
disabuse                undeceive, set free from mistake, set right
discern   discriminate, distinguish
disconcerted  in disorder or confusion, disordered or confused
disconnect  sever, separate, dissolve a connection
disconsolate  sad, filled with grief, melancholy, cheerless
discovered  found, revealed, find something which was concealed or
secret
disingenuous  unworthy, not frank, lacking honor or dignity
disperse
dissension  disagreement of opinion, usually strong or heated, with
angry words spoken
disseminate     distribute, scatter,
dissipate  scatter, disperse, destroy by wasteful use
dissent
dissuade      persuade a person or organization to not do something, discourage
distort
doldrums                a state of listlissness, ennui.  Originally a part of the
ocean near the equator  with light winds or calm, or storm squalls
domain
drab
dreary
drizzle
drudgery  disagreeable or wearisome labor
droll   amusing, provoking laughter, comical, humorous
dubious
ecosystem     a system of interconnected organisms within their
environment
ecstatic  delighted,  an example of use is ecstatic bliss or joy
edge
electron [science, electronics]
electronegativity [science]
elementary
elevate
elite
eloquent
embark   to start up, to engage
enchanting
encode
encounter  face to face meeting, a sudden or incidental meeting, a
hostile meeting
endeavor
endoplasmic reticulum:
endothermic [science]    requires the absorption of heat
enduring
energy level [science]
engrossing
enigma   obscure saying, a riddle, some thing not satisfactorily
explained
enlightening
entente   agreement
enumerate
entice
entreaty  beseeching, petition, solicitation
equilateral [mathematics]
equivalent  equal to
equivocal               questionable
erratic
erect   raise, set upright, build or construct
evoke
exalt   elevate by praise, to glorify
excessive
exothermic [science]  a chemical reaction that generates heat
expendable
expedient
expertise
exploit
expressive
exult   be in high spirits, leap for joy, rejoice
facilitate
Farad [electronics]  A Farad is the storage of electrons producing a
voltage difference of one volt  across terminals while producing one
ampere per second.    This is a very large unit, and most capacitors
have  values measured in microfarads  (thousandths of a Farad)  or
picofarads.
fathom
feasible
feign
fertile
fervent        ardent, earnest, intense spirit for a thing or idea
fiasco
filibuster an obstructive tactic that is allowed by the rules of procedure
to prevent another action from being taken
fitful
flammbable    easily set on fire;  regulatory agencies have set 100
degrees F. or 37.8 degrees C. as the flash point .    Inflammable and
flammable mean the same thing, use nonflammable to describe
something that does not burn
flank
flaunt
flex
flexible
florid
flounder     move in awkward way or respond to questions in an
awkward way,  the fish known as the flounder lives on the bottom
and moves about by flopping
flout
flush
flux is a chemical that cleans the connection area.  Melted solder flows
easily and prevents oxidation.  Acid core      flux is used to solder
sheet metal.  Rosin flux is used in electrical and electronics work.
folio           A collection of examples of a person’s work
forgive
formidable
Forstner bit [shop]
fortnight  a time period of two weeks.
fractious
fret
furtive       action undertaken to avoid detection, done by stealth,  facial
expression and manners that attempt to conceal actions
garish
garnered
gaudy
gaunt
Gay-Lussac Law [science]
generic
germinate
ghastly
glare
glossy
grandeur
grate
grave
groan
guage
haphazard
haggard
hapless
harden
harmony
haughty
heave
heed
Henry [electronics]
Hertz [electronics]
heptagon [mathematics 128 degree angles] sometimes; septagon
hexagon [mathematics 120 degree internal angles] 6 sides
hinder
hoard
homozygote
hopeless
hub
hysterical
igneous  [science]
ignoble
immiscible
impair
impart
impartial
impassive
impedance [electronics]
impede       deter, slow
impenetrable
imperative vital requirement
imperious
imperturbability        not easily disturbed or activated
impetuous
implement
impose
impotent
improbable
imprudent
impunity
incense
incensed
incidental
incomprehensible
incredulous
indefatigable  not capable of being fatigued,  tireless
indignant
indispensable
indolent
induct
inductance    The opposition to changes in circuit current.  Unit of
measurement is the HENRY  H.  Inductance symbol is L.   An
inductor has one Henry of inductance if the electromotive force
current through the coil changes at one Ampere per second.
induction
inductive reactance  The opposition to alternating current by a coil of
wire.    X subL = 2<value of pi>fL   f is the frequency of alternating
current in hertz (example 60 hertz)
L = Inductance measured in Henry units
indulge
inert
inexorable
inexplicable
infer
infirm
inflammable     A language surprise.  It means the same as flammable.
Both terms refer to something that can easily catch fire and burn.
Use the word nonflammable when you seek a word to describe a
substance that does not burn or does not easily burn
inflict
inform
infraction violation
ingenious
inherent
iniquity
initiate
innate
inscribe
inscription
insolent
institute to establish
insubordination
insurmountable
insurrection
intensify
interior
interminable
intermittently
interpose
intimidate
intrusion
ionic
iridescent      surface colors that seem to change when viewed from
different angles.
ironic
irk
irrational
irregular
irresolute
isobutane [science, shop]
isolation
isomer     (chemistry) a molecule with the same chemical formula as
another molecule, but a different structure.
isosceles [geometry]
itinerant
itinerary
jeopardize
Joule [electronics]
Joule’s Law  [electronics]
judiciary
judicious
juncture
jurisdiction
keen
kinetic
kerf [shop; width of the saw cut]  cut in wood made by a saw
laconic   short, brief, pithy, stern
lament
languid
lava (molten or solidified rock on the surface of the earth, see magma
for difference between lava and magma)
lax
leaden
LED light emitting diode
leer
legitimate
lethargic
lever, first class
lever, second class
lever, third class
lipid
liposome   a small sac within the cell.  Artificial liposomes can be
created in which compounds, vaccines, medicines can be put into a
cell
livid
lobe
logarithm  [mathematics]
loom
lucid
ludicrous
lull
lure
Lysosome:  A sac which controls the release of enzymes in the cell.
Lysosomes are the digestive system of a cell.  The  enzymes within a
lysosome can digest lipids, saccharides (sugars),  proteins, RNA,
and  DNA.  They digest obsolete parts   of a cell.
magma (molten rock below surface, lava is molten rock on or above
surface]
malice
malign
malleable
manic   frentic activity, wild excitement,  also refers to mania in
psychiatry
maxim   proverb, rule,
meager
meander
mechanical advantage  machine’s output force divided by the input
force.   For inclines,  the length is divided by the height of the  incline
median           middle value of a group of numbers
Megahertz [electronics]  1,000,000 hertz   1000 kilocycles = 1 megahertz
meiosis    cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in
half,  in humans from 46 to 23.
menace
mercurial    unpredicatable,  having an angry temper
mesmerize  to bring the minds and thoughts of others under the
control of another, named after a Dr. Mesmer  of Vienna,  Austria in
the early 1700s
methodical
meticulous
miasma   infectious particles or germs in the air; noxious air, noxious
effluvia
micro     (ten to the minus 6 power)
mien
milieu   surroundings
mimesis   imitation, mimicry
mimic
mingle
mirth
misalign
miscible (see immiscible above)
mitochondrion:  Largest organelle within a cell.  It is involved with
respiration and is is the power station of the cell.
There are multiple mitochondria within a cell.
mitosis          cell division in which the cell divides in two, and both cells
have the same number of chromosomes
moderate (can be an adjective, noun, and verb)
modulate  [electronics; controlling the amplitude AM or transmitted
frequencies FM of a radio signal
molar [science]
mole [science]  mole (chemistry)   a chemical mass unit.
momentum
monera       prokaryotic organisms  no nuclear membrane, no
organelles except ribosomes.
monomial
monotonous
morbid
mortise [shop]
mourning
muffle
mundane
muse
muster
mutiny
mutualism
myriad
nadir
negligent
necessity
negate
neutron [science, electronics]
newton           force producing acceleration of one meter per second on
a mass of one kilogram
noisome
nomadic
nominal
notorious
novice
nucleus:  The control system of the cell. It contains the chromosomes
which have the genetic material of the cell.
obstinate
obtuse
occurrence  incident, event
octagon
Ohm’s Law [electronics]  Voltage = Amperes  times Resistance
omen
opinion
oppressed
optimal
option
opulence       a display of wealth, riches, affluent
orient
orientation
oscillate
oscilloscope       an electronic device that measures amplitude versus
time unit, such as frequency in hertz
ostracize
outfit
outlandish
pallid
palpable
paltry
panoply   tool, implement; a plural meaning can mean armor or
armament
pantheon
paragon   something against which other things are matched, held out
as an example of excellence
parallel [mathematics]
partake
pastoral
PCV positive crankcase ventilation [auto]
penance
pendulum
penitent
pensive
pentagon [mathematics, 108 degree angle] 5 sided
pensive
perception
peripheral
pernicious
perplexed
pert
phloem [biology, science]
photodiode [electronics]
picayune       paltry, petty
pier
pine
pinion [auto]
piqued
pizeoelectric [electronics]
pizeoelectric effect  some crystals such as quartz begin to vibrate when
electricity is applied to them.
placid
plaintive
plunge
polygon
pompous
ponder
portend   to warn before some event happens
portrayal
potentiometer      currently used to described a variable resistor
practical
precedent
precipitous
predecessor
predict
preferential
prerequisite
pretence
prevalent
previous
primeval
priority
profess
prolong
prominent
prone
propriety
prosecution
protist             They are one celled organisms
proton [science, electronics]
prototype
provocation
proximity
prudent
pulley
punctual
purport
quad- four
quadratic [mathematics]
quay
quint -five
quiver
rabbet  [auto, shop]
rabble
rack [auto, shop]
ramshackle
ratio
raucous   hoarse, loud, rough, also used for boisterous,
RC circuit [electronics]
reactance
reap
reckless
recluse
rectify   correct
recuperate
redress
redundant       superfluous, excess
reform
refute
reign
relish   a food, but also used as a verb such as to taste, savor, or enjoy
remorse
rendezvous
renounce
repress
reproof
requisite
reserved
reside
resolution  the act, operation, or process of resolving.  Also can mean a
decision made by a person or approved after discussion and a vote
by a group
resolve   finding a solution, a decision (He had a resolve to get a high
ASVAB score)
resound
respiration
respite
reticent
reverie
revolution   -ary  -ize
ribosome:  The site of protein synthesis within the cell.
right angle [mathematics, 90 degree angle]
rip blade [shop]
rivet
riveting
RMS  root mean square .707 of voltage [electronics]
rocker arm    an automotive term
rude
rudimentary   elementary, initial, primitive
rudiments
sage
salutary
sanctity
sanguine
sarcastic
scale
scanty
scarce
scatter
schematic [electronics]
scorn
scruple
sear
secondary
secret  -ive -ly
sediment
semiconductor
sequel
sequester
serene
sham
shear   cutting something, such as cloth or sheetmetal
shim [auto, shop]
slosh
small
smudge
sodden
solace
solemn
solenoid [electronics]
sordid
spartan
spite
spurious
staid
stalwart
steadfast
stealth
stench
stigma -tize
stochiometric [science]  In automotive gasoline engines, the
stoichiometric ratio is 1:12. something
stochiometric point [science]
strident  harsh, grating, shrill
strive
suduction
sublimate
sublimation
sublime
subduction’
subsume   take up into or under, include under something else
suffice
sufficient
sullen   usually used to describe a person who is ill-humored, morose, peevish, gloomy
sumptuous
superficial  shallow, not deep or profound
supposition
surmise
surreptitious
syntactic  putting together in order; related to the word syntax
tacit   silent, agreeing without saying yes or no
tactile
tantalize
tame
tapestry
taps [auto, shop]
telemetry  transmission by automatic instruments as in radio transmitters
tenacious
tenuous
terse
thwart  -ed
tout
trait
trance
transaxle         found in front wheel drive vehicles.
transducers             convert light,heat, sound, and pressure to
electricity.  A microphone is a transducer.
translate
transpire
transpiration
trapezoid [mathematics, 4 sides unequal length
tremulous
triangle [mathematics, internal angles add to 180]
trite
trivial
tumult
twisted
ubiquitous
umbrage   jealousy of another, resentment, feeling that one is
overshadowed by another
unanimity
uncouth
undertake  undertook   begin, attempt , promise to begin or attempt  underwrite
universal joint [auto]
urbanity  civility, courteous in manner, politeness
usurp
vacuum
variable
vascular [science]
vehement
verify
vernier calipers [shop]
versatile
vertex
vex
vexatious  aggravating, annoying
vigilant
vindictive
viscous
viscosity [the measure of how viscous a fluid is]
volition
volt [electronics]
voluntary
vortex
wary
Watt
wedge
whimsical
willful
wretched
xerophyte  using  little water
xylem     [biology, water ]

zener diode  [electronics]

How many words do you need to recognize and understand their meanings to get high ASVAB scores?

I have been looking at word lists in ASVAB study guides, core lists of 3000 words from several dictionary publishers, and other sources of information about word frequency.  I do not have THE ANSWER.

My opinion is that a person should be familiar with all the words in core list of 3000 words, such as from learnersdictionary.com,  the Longman Communication 3000, the manythings.org word list, the oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com 3000 words lists,  AND, all the words that appear in word lists in ASVAB study guides.  This would be about 4500 words.

I would pay particular attention to the word lists in ASVAB study guides.  I do not know how the authors chose those words, but it may from studying official word lists, information provided by past ASVAB takers, and their own careful research.   I compared one author’s list with a 3000 core word list, and found less than 10 % of the words in the ASVAB study guide author’s word list in the core word list.

I once heard a speaker say that the English language has about 600,000 words, and that German has only about 180,000 words.  Hmm,  it makes me wonder what types of examinations German students who want to enter THEIR military services must successfully pass!

 

A set of ASVAB like mathematics knowledge and arithmetic reasoning Questions

I am trying to create a set of arithmetic and mathematical knowledge questions that are similar to those that are found in study guides for the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery.  All the questions are original, I did not copy a question from another source and mix up the names or numbers.  ASVAB test questions have a variety of styles for each subtest.  I am guessing that the test creators examine the responses from all test takers and try to improve the questions to eliminate those that are too easy and those that take too long to answer.

ASVAB_Tom_Lindsey_Original_Arithmetic_Mathematical-Knowledge_August_23_2016
These problems are my original creations.  I looked at test questions from other sample tests, but have created
original problems.
Arithmetic 1.  The reciprocal of 2 10/12  (Two and ten-twelths) is
A.  24/90  B. 32/12  c. 12/20  D.  12/34  Correct Answer D  2 time 12/12 = 24/12  24 + 10 =34  The reciprocal is the number
that is multiplied by the original number number to equal 1.0   34/12 times 12/34 = 408/408 = 1
Arithmetic 2.  Jeff finds a closeout on 9 inch square floor tiles .  How many 9 inch square tiles are needed to lay down in a
corridor that is 6 feet wide by 12 feet 9 inches long.
A. 120  B. 136  C. 140  D. 144   6 feet = 12 inches x 6 feet = 72 inches.  12 feet 9 inches = (12 x 12) + 9 inches= 153
72 divided by 9  = 8  153 divided by 9 = 17  8 x 17 = 136
Mathematics 3.  The value of xy – yz  (xy minus yz, divided by xy)  x = 2 y = 3 z = 4
_______
xy
(2 x 3) – (3 x 4) / (2 x 3)  = 6 – 12 / 6   -6 / 6 = – 1  (minus one)
Mathematics 4.   A triangle has two sides with lengths  4 and 6
     An isoceles triangle has two equal length sides,  in this case either 4 or 6   Two angles are the same degrees.
     A right triangle.  If the hypotenuse the side opposite the right angle were length 6, the other two sides would be
length 4 and [square root of 20, a number between integers 4 and 5]. 4 x 4 + [square root 20][square root 20 = 6 x6
If 6 and 4 were the sides that formed the right angle, the hypotenuse would be [square root of 52].
     An obtuse triangle with sides 4 and 6, forming an angle greater than 90 degrees, will have a third side longer
than 6 but less than 10.  If the third side was length 10, it would equal the length of the other two sides.
The angle of the two sides length 4 and 6  would be 180 degrees.  A triangle is three intersecting lines with internal angles
equal to 180 degrees.
     A scalene triangle has no angles equal to another angle.
     An equilateral triangle has three sides of equal length.  Each interior angle is 60 degrees.
Arithmetic 5.  What percent of 500 is 975? Divide 975 by 500  900/500 = 195 %
Arithmetic 6.  Sean must read 14 pages from his economics textbook, 2 short stories of 22 pages length from English, a 12 page
chapter in his U.S. History book, and a 24 page chapter from the chemistry book. He has completed 1/3 of the reading.
How many pages has he read.  14 + 22 + 12 +  24 = 72    72 x 1/3 = 24
Arithmetic 7.  A helicopter makes a cross-country flight of 750 miles in 6 hours.  If it flew at a constant speed during
the trip,    how many miles per hour did it fly?  750/ 6 = 125
Mathematics 8.  Petty cash is used to buy office supplies and equipment with a price of $ 49.99 or less, plus sales tax of 8.25 %
    Purchases costing $ 50.00 to $ 499.99, employees use a company credit card that is kept by department managers.
    Purchases that cost $ 500.00 or more are made by the purchasing department.
    A company credit card was used to purchase some equipment.   Which of these choices MIGHT be true?
    A.  The equipment cost $ 39.99 plus sales tax.
B.  The item was purchased by the purchasing department.
C.  The equipment cost $ 119.99 plus sales tax.
D.  An employee bought the equipment with her own money, and was reimbursed when she came back to the office.
Arithmetic 9.  The tallest player on the school basketball team is 6 feet 5 inches tall.  The shortest player on the hockey
team is 5 feet 7 inches.   How much taller is the basketball player than the hockey player?    8 inches
Mathematics 10.  Tom rented an apartment for $ 900 a month.  He has to pay non-refundable $ 270 fee to keep his dog Ollie at
the apartment.  What fraction of one month’s rent is the dog fee?  270/900  9 x 30 / 9 x 100 = 3 / 10
Mathematics 11.  Brian has a part-time job signing visitors in and out of an office building.  He will start September 1 for 15 weeks
for 15 hours per week.  The building is closed to everyone on Labor Day, Columbus Day, Thanksgiving Day, and
the Friday after Thanksgiving Day.  His hourly pay is $ 8.00 per hour.  How many hours will he work?
213 hours  15 weeks but 4 unpaid days = 14 weeks plus 1 day  (14 weeks x 15 hours) + (1 day x 3 hours)
Mathematics 12.  The phrase “Triple the sum of three and three divided by five”  is the same as  A. 9 3/5 B. 10 4/5 C. 10 3/5  D. 9 4/5
Mathematics 13.  A pint is 1/8 of a gallon.  How many pints are found in 4 2/3 gallons?  Mulitply the two denominators 8 and 3
to get the product number 24.  If there are 24/24ths in a gallon, a pint (1/8th of a gallon) must be 3/24th of a
gallon.  2/3 = 16/24   4 gallons x 24/24 = 96/24 + 16/24 = 112/24   112 divided by 3 = 37, and a remainder of 1.
There are 37 and 1/3 pints [1/3 pint = 1/24 gallon] in 4 2/3 gallons.
     Rounding down, there are 37 pints in 4 2/3 gallons
Mathematics 14.  Aurora Cam Company inventoried older equipment and is sending some to auction. The inventory is:
One lathe, estimated auction value of 1000 dollars
Two drill presses, estimated value     450 dollars
Three equipment lockers 25 dollars each
Box of wrenches                         35 dollars
An auctioneer commission of 15 percent is charged for each item auctioned.  What is the estimated charge? $ 234
Mathematics15.  A triangle has a base of 10 inches, with the other two sides 6 inches and 8 inches meeting at the peak.
What is the area of the triangle?
A.  [square root of 11, divided by 10] plus [square root of 39, divided by 2]
B.  [square root of 22, divided by 5]  (originally, square root of 11 times square root of 32 , divided by 20)
C.  2 times [square root of 11] / divided by 10 times [square root of 39]
D.  24
The answer is 24.  This is a right angle triangle, with the hypotenuse side lying flat
     6 x 6  plus 8 x 8 = 10 x 10   Instead of trying to figure out the height of the triangle with the side 10 on the
base, imagine that it is tilted so that either the 6 or 8 length side is the base.  1/2 b X h  1/2 (6×8) = 24
If a picture were shown, it might seem as if the perpendicular line intersects the base at 5 inches on either side.
Arithmetic  16.  Gretchen was shocked to get a natural gas bill of $ 150.00 for the month of January.  She has gotten notices
in the past about a “Balanced Billing Program”.  The three highest bills and the three lowest bills of the past 12 bills are
added together, and an average billing amount is calculated.  The average is changed with each September bill.
Gretchen’s three high and three low bills were 150, 100, 90, 45, 39, and 32 dollars.  If she chose balanced billing,
how much would she be billed each month?  456 dollars divided by 6 = 76
Arithmetic:  17.  The Franklin Community Association is creating a fenced outdoor park where owners can let their dogs
exercise without being leashed.   Three condemned homes were razed so that the lots can be joined together to make
the park.  Each lot was 120 feet deep  with 60 feet width.  What length of fencing is needed to surround the park.?  600 feet
Mathematics: 18:  The Franklin Community Association is creating a fenced outdoor park where owners can let their dogs
exercise.  The design plan calls for the use of prefabricated fence panels  on posts that are eight feet long and
seven feet high.  If the perimeter of the lot is six hundred feet, how many fence panels need to be purchased? 75
Mathematics:  19.  Which of these numbers equals the internal angle of two sides of an octagon?
108  120 135 144        135  An octagon has 8 points.  Lines from a center point can be drawn to points
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H on the corners of the octagon.  Eight triangles are formed inside the octagon.
360 degrees divided by 8 = 45 degrees.  The interior angles of a triangle total 180 degrees. The other angles
are 135 degrees divided by 2 or 67.5 on each corner.  Add the angles on each side of the line together.
     108 = pentagon, 120 = hexagon,  135 = octagon, 144 = 10 sided figure,

180 sided figure. 2 degrees at top, 89 degree angles on the sides, 178 degrees of angle of points A,B,C
of the 180 side points.

Mathematics:  20  Which equation is incorrect? A. [square root of 3] + [square root of 4] = [square root of 5]

B. [square root of 3] times [square root of 4] = [square root of 12]
C. [square root of 5] divided by [square root of 4] = [square root of 5] / 2
D. [square root of 27] divided by the cube root of 8] = 3[square root of 3] / 2  or 1.5 times [square root of 2]
Mathematics:  21.  Which integers will make this equation true?
A  > 4   but A < 11
A. 4,5,6,7,8,9,10
B. 5,6,7,8,9,10,11
C. 7,8,9,10,11
D.5,6,7,8,9,10    D.  the > sign is for greater than, the < is less than  The characters with a bar underneath them
are “equal to or greater than”   and “less than or equal to”   / with an equal sign through it
means that the number is not equal the next number.
Mathematics:  22:  Which is a simplification of 2 “x squared” – 12x – 14 ?      (2x + 2)(x – 7)
Mathematics:  Parallel lines:  same distance apart throughout the length of the line
Mathematics: 23:  One angle, known as the supplementary angle measures 75 degrees.  The other angle is complementary and
measures  ____ degrees?
Mathematics: 24. A triangle has sides with lengths that are consecutive odd numbers.  The perimeter is 27.  What is the value
of the longest side?   Answer 11    The average length of the three sides is 27/3 or 9.  9 is probably one of the
three numbers.  5 + 7 + 9 = 25  7 + 9 + 11 = 27  9 + 11 + 13 =33 .

 

How many words should a person know to have success in passing the ASVAB??

Posted by Thomas Lindsey,  mos96b@yahoo.com

The ASVAB test seems to be testing the intelligence level of a prospect, breadth of knowledge, willingness to read and learn more information, and a unique “talent”.  Military life has times when its servicemembers find them themselves in “chaotic situations” when the person must rapidly assess the situation, choose a course of action, respond to the commands of others in the same situation, and take action.

The “chaotic situation” could be gunfire, explosion, fire, chemical hazards, collision, crash, equipment failure, electrocution, flooding by water, other people’s behaviors, or any other abnormal situation.  Is the prospect likely to be shocked and not able to respond.  Will the prospect respond quickly?

The work knowledge and paragraph comprehension subtests are written to see if the prospect has a broad vocabulary to recognize the meaning of words, and can quickly comprehend messages, instructions, and orders.  At least, this is what I think they are intended to test.

How much vocabulary knowledge is enough.  500 words?  1500 words?  3000 words? 5000 words?

The Voice of America broadcasting and internet-based news service of our government broadcasts programs in “Special English” to help people who are learning English.  The vocabulary list has changed a little over 70 years, but has about 1,500 words.  English language dictionary editors, such as the Merriam-Webster Dictionary company, think that everyone should know about 3,000 words.

Here are internet addresses for the VOA and Merriam-Webster lists, with definitions and a spoken voice.

Special English  http://docs.voanews.eu/en-US-LEARN/2014/02/15/7f8de955-596b-437c-ba40-a68ed754c348.pdf

Merriam-Webster Dictionary  Learners Dictionary 3000 words  http://learnersdictionaries.com/3000-words

Other dictionary publishers have prepared their own lists of 3000 words

A Corpus of American Spoken English prepared by a professor at Brigham Young University can be viewed.  A list of the 5000 most frequently used words can be downloaded for individual use, but not posted online.

Books and CDs with vocabulary lists

There are not many CDs available and the costs are usually more than $ 30.00 for a CD set.

Vocabulary word books can be found at public libraries.  The Dewey Decimal Classification  is 428.1  .

A common library catalog subject heading is:   Vocabulary–Problems, Exercises

Books at bookstores, new and used books

Ask for books in the Vocabulary/Spelling section.  This may be near handbooks for writers .

These books may contain from 250 to 1500 words.  Choose one with the greatest number of words.

An ASVAB study guide may have a chapter with words, prefixes, suffixes, word roots, and other information.

—————————————————————————–

If you cannot find a vocabulary word book, look for test books for the SAT, ACT, or civil service exam study guides.

Some of these books may have a word list and study guide to help increase vocabulary.

Physical bookstores are declining in number.  Many stores selling used and rare books do not stock the ASVAB test books.

This an alphabetical list of SOME of the online book selling websites that stock back copies of ASVAB study guides.

Which guide should a person buy at a store or from an online book selling website.  It is a difficult task, as about 20 different book publishers offer study guides.  I have a preference for two publisher’s guides, but I always look at other publisher’s guides for diagnostic and practice tests with different problems, different advice about how to mentally and physically prepare oneself for taking the ASVAB.

A cataloging record service known as Worldcat, from OCLC, Inc., is used by thousands of libraries worldwide to find catalog records to put into local catalogs, and to offer catalog records created by a library staff for use by other libraries.

One of the features of the catalog record display is that there is a line with a phrase like

“1 of 6 libraries of  nnn libraries using this record.”  The number of times a title, or an edition of a title,  has been purchased by libraries, has guided me in my choice of ASVAB study guides.  I also go to a nearby book store to see what titles they carry in stock, and look through each different title.

Purchasing online:  I have located these websites and have listed them in alphabetical order

http://www.abebooks.com

http://www.alibris.com

http://www.amazon.com

http://www.thriftbooks.com

There are other websites and stores with online websites.  As for myself,  I am looking for used copies of ASVAB study guides published 2010 and later.   .  Fair condition is fine, as long as pages are not missing. or a prior user has filled out the answer block pages.

 

There are a large number of webpages and subscription sites that will help with the ASVAB. There are professional tutors of the ASVAB test.

 

I like these guides because they test my knowledge and skills in different ways that are unlike the SAT test, GRE, or other tests.   They are great ways to pass the time, and learn something while waiting in line or a reception area for an appointment.   Thomas Lindsey  mos96b@yahoo.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Post trying to consolidate all the Mathematical Info material

I THINK THAT THIS POSTING COMBINES ALL POSTINGS FROM JULY 2016 and the one before this one into one message about ASVAB Mathematics.

 

I have tried to consolidate all my notes and ideas about doing arithmetic, algebra, and geometry on a test like the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery.   I came upon a document in the ERIC collection eric.ed.gov from an organization known as the Education Trust.  30 % of high school graduates are not able to pass the ASVAB and be eligible to enter the military if they wish.  Whatever opinions each person may have about serving in the U.S. military services, they are a great source of training  after high school for young people.

It is a shame that our school systems seem to be failing 30 % of the students that they graduate.  Many of these students are not considering enrolling in college regardless of how much financial aid they might be offered.

I suspect that most students studying for college admission tests are not taking any type of ASVAB exam.  I wonder what the failure rate on an ASVAB test would be if all students took the exam.

Here are my consolidated mathematics notes.   I may have copied part of this material several times, I am editing it.

I _THINK_  that I have eliminated all the duplication.

ORDER OF PRECEDENCE IN DOING MATHEMATICAL CALCULATIONS
The acronym PEMDAS, often appearing with the  next sentence gives the order.
Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally
Do arithmetic work within parentheses first.  Then work on exponents.
Multiplication is next.  Then do Division work.  Addition work.  Subtraction work is next.
——————————————————————————
ALGEBRA
Find common factors that are part of each part of the equation and remove them outside the common area.
2x[squared] + 12x + 18   is the same as 2(x[squared] + 6x + 9)  The part within parentheses looks like
an (x + y)[squared] type quadratic equation.     The formula could be rewritten as 2(x + 3)[squared]
 [squared] is meant to represent an exponent, shown on a page with a number raised 1/2 space above the line.
Locate any common factors that are part of each part of the equation and remove them outside the common area.
2x[squared] + 12x + 18   is the same as 2(x[squared] + 6x + 9)  The part within parentheses looks like
an (x + y)[squared] type quadratic equation.     The formula could be rewritten as 2(x + 3)[squared]
 [squared] is meant to represent an exponent, shown on a page with a number raised 1/2 space above the line.
Three common quadratics
(x + y)(x-y)  =  x [squared] – y [squared]  “squared” means the number 2 appears one half line above the typed x and y
(x + y) [squared] = x [squared] + 2xy + y [squared]
(x-y) [squared] = x [squared] -2xy + y [squared]
A perfect square number such as 4, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81 in front of the x[squared] or y[squared] in a quadratic equation. means
that it is probably one of the three common quadratics.

Locate any common factors that are part of each part of the equation and remove them outside the common area.
2x[squared] + 12x + 18   is the same as 2(x[squared] + 6x + 9)  The part within parentheses looks like
an (x + y)[squared] type quadratic equation.     The formula could be rewritten as 2(x + 3)[squared]
 [squared] is meant to represent an exponent, shown on a page with a number raised 1/2 space above the line.
———————————————————————–
The capital letter X is used as the symbol for multiplication.
F is for First, O is Outside, I is for Inside, and L is for Last.
Multiplying (4 + 2x) times (5 + 6y) using FOIL  (4 + 2x) X (5 + 6y)    or (4 + 2x)(5 + 6y)
Multiply the FIRST part of the term inside each parentheses.  4 X 5 = 20  F for First
Multiply the OUTSIDE part of the term inside each parentheses.  4 X 6y = 24 y O for Outside
Multiply the INSIDE part of of the term inside each parentheses 2x X 5 = 10x  I for Inside
Multiply the LAST part of the term inside each parentheses 2x X 6y = 12xy  L for Last
Add all the terms together to get 20 + 24y + 10x + 12xy
If the terms inside parentheses had been (4 + 2x)(5 + 6x), the sum would be 20 + 34x + 12x[squared]  x with a  raised 2
—————————————————————————
Mathematical Knowledge  One Variable Equation
Multiply the OUTSIDE part of each term)  4 X 6 y  = 24y  O for Outside
Multiply the INSIDE or second part of each term  2x  X  5 = 10x
Multiply the Last part of each term  2x X 6y  = 12xy
Add the result of each multiplication   20 + 24y + 10x + 12xy
It is easier to work with positive values on both sides of the = sign when it possible.
Let’s use  15a  = 45  .  Divide both side of the equation by the number 15 .  15a/15 = 45/15
a = 3      Mathematics check  12(3) +9 = 45.
Linear equations where one or more sides have a fraction.
2x + 7 =  x/4      .    The first step is to remove the fraction.
4 X (2x+ 7) = 4 X  (x/4)       8x + 28 = x   .  Move the number or the 8x to one side.
8x – x  = – 28   7x  = -28    7x/7 = -28/7     x = -4
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Mathematical Knowledge  Prime Numbers, Factoring Numbers, Inequality
PRIME NUMBERS
A prime number is an integer that cannot be separated by two numbers multiplied together.
1, 2, 3,  5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47 are prime numbers in the range 1 to 50
Numbers ending with 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 can be divided by the number 2 .
Numbers 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 44, 48 can be divided by the number 3.
Numbers ending with a 5 or 0 can be divided by 5, and other numbers depending upon the number.
Number 49 can be divided by the number 7.  7 X 7 = 49
FACTORIALS
These numbers are an integer followed by the exclamation point sign , such as 9!
9!  is 9 X 8 X 7  X 6 X 5 X 4 X 3 X 2 X 1     504 X 120 X 6 = 362,880
4! is 4 X 3 X 2 X 1  = 24
     ASVAB problems that use factorials may appear with statements such as:
     Tom, Dick, Harry, and Jane have are standing in a line.  If they change places so that each of them
is at the front of the line, how many lines are possible?
4!  4 factorial number of lines        4 x 3 x 2 1 = 24
 TDHJ, TDJH, THDJ, THJD, TJDH, TJHD              Tom in front of 6 lines
DTJH, DTHJ, DJTH, DJHT, DHJT, DHTJ               Dick
HTDJ, HTJD, HJTD, HJDT, HDJT, HDTJ               Harry
JTDH, JTHD, JHDT, JHTD, JDTH, JDHT               Jane
 It took many minutes to figure out the chart of letters.  This shows why factorials are so handy.
 INEQUALITY, LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO, GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO
<  is used to represent two numbers or variables  when one is less than the other.  a  <  b  , a < 8
> is used to represent two numbers or variables when one is greater than the other.  a > b , a > 8
 LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO, GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO
  The < and > signs are used, but a bar appears under the character.  <_        and   >_
   (I am not sure how to create these symbols in this Word Press system, probably by typing multiple keys simultaneously.
Another mathematical symbol is for “not equal to” . It is an equal sign  =  with a slash through it.  /=
  n /= 2    means that the variable n is not equal to 2.
  SQUARE ROOT AND CUBE ROOT SYMBOLS
 The root sign is a symbol that looks like a check mark with a line at the top of the check mark.
The square of 2 is 4, the square root of 4 is 2. square of 3 is 9, the square root of 9 is 3, square of 4 is 16, square root of 16 is 4
Squares 2, 4 ;  3, 9; 4, 16; 5, 25; 6, 36; 7, 49; 8, 64; 9, 81; 10, 100; 15, 225; 20, 400;  25, 625; 30, 900
The squares of numbers in between have a value of:   a( squared) + 2ab + b (squared)
The square of 13,  when a = 10 and b = 3 is:  (10 X 10) + 2(10)(3) + (3 X 3)     100 + 60 + 9 = 169
Square root of 4=2; 25=5; 36=6; 49=7; 64=8;  81=9; 100=10; 225=15; 400=20; 625=25; 900=30 .
  What if the value to be squared has a decimal part in the number, such as 1.5?
This is a list of squares from 1.4 to 9.5
Known length angle side length[squared] + unknown length  right angle side[squared] = hypotenuse side[squared]
SCALENE TRIANGLE: No interior angles of the triangle equal 90 degrees, and all angles have different values.
ISOSCELES TRIANGLE:  Two sides of the triangle have the same length.  The angles formed when the equal length side  cross the third side are of equal value.
OBTUSE TRIANGLE:  One angle has a value greater than 90 degrees. The values of all angles add up to 180 degrees.
 EOMETRY, PARALLEL LINES, CIRCLES, AREA OF GEOMETRIC FIGURES AND CIRCLES
 PARALLEL LINES  ____________   Two or more lines are the same distance apart.
____________
                  a     /  b
_______/____    The lines to the left are a set of slash marks and a set of underline characters.
/         Assume that the slash marks are an unbroken line.   The underline characters
c          d    can be known as an angle of 180 degrees.  Angle a and Angle B = 180 degrees.
Angle c and Angle d = 180 degreees.
Angle a value is equal to the value of angle d.  Angle b  value is equal to the value of angle c.
 Some ASVAB mathematics may give values for two angles such a and c, or a and d, and you must determine the
value of angle of another angle.  a + b = 180 , and a + c= 180.  Using subtraction, the value of the other
angles can be calculated.
CIRCLES and VOLUME.
Radius of A circule is from the middle point of the circle to the edge.  The Diameter is 2 times the radius.
The CIRCUMFERENCE or length of a circle if it were cut apart and laid straight in a line, is
2 times the number PI.  PI is an irrational number with no end of its decimal portion.
For simple calculation, the value of PI is given as 3.14
 Area of a circle is PI times Radius times Radius  or PI times r[squared]  r X r .
        Area of a triangle is 1/2 times length of base times length of height.
There are many mathematics help sites.  The United States Coast Guard Recruit Training Center Cape May, New Jersey
has list of web addresses for sites.  Some URLs are not operational at this time, and need to be corrected.
 http://uscg.mil/hq/capemay/AdminServices/asvab.asp     My favorite of the list is math2.org
        One of my favorite sites not on the list is a site created by a mathematics professor, last name Perez, at
Saddleback College in Mission Viejo, California [near San Diego].http://www.saddleback.edu/faculty/lperez/Algebra2Go    It has instruction information from arithmetic
through the first two semesters of calculus [5th year mathematics in high school or freshman mathematics for
college science majors.]
Tom Lindsey, mos96b@yahoo.com  August 1, 2016

Geometry, Angles, Parallel Lines, and Figure Shapes

A triangle has three lines. Each line intersects or touches the end of two other lines.

The interior angles of a triangle add up to 180 degrees.

An equilateral triangle has three sides of equal length.  the interior angle of each angle is

60 degrees.

An equilateral triangle has two lines of equal length that touch at one point and cross a

line at the bottom the two lines.  The interior angles at the intersection of the bottom line are

equal in value.

A SCALENE triangle has 3 interior angles of different values.  All the angles are less than 90 degrees.

An OBTUSE triangle has one angle that is greater than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees.

A RIGHT ANGLE triangle has two lines that interest with a 90 degree angle at intersection.

The long side opposite the 90 degree angle is called the hypotenuse.  When right angle

length 1 is squared, and length 2 is squared, the sum of the numbers is equal to the square of the side opposite the right angle   That side is called the hypotenuse.

(a X a) + (b X b) = (c X c)

 

PARALLEL LINES

Parallel lines have the same distance between each point on the line for the length of each line.    The pound sign on the keyboard  # has two horizontal parallel lines and two diagonal lines.   A website with geometry information such as  math2.org or Algebra2Go ,

http://www.saddleback.edu/faculty/lperez/Algebra2GO  or other websites with geometry explanations have pictures of parallel lines and the relationship of angles.

In geometry, a line  is an angle of 180 degrees.  Cutting a diagonal  across a line creates two angles.  Two complementary angles are equal to 90 degrees.  Two supplementary angles are  equal to 180 degrees.    Check a geometry textbook or website to confirm or correct this definition of complementary and supplementary angles.

POLYGONS  Polygons are enclosed areas with 4 or more sides.  A square, trapezoid, rectangle, and any area enclosed by four sides is a polygon.

Polygons usually begin with 5 sides, the pentagon.  the six sided polygon is the hexagon, the rarely seen seven sided figure is the heptagon, the eight sided figure is the octagon, and the 10 sided figure is the decagon.  The interior angle of a pentagon is 108 degrees, an octagon is 135 degreees, and a decagon is 144 degrees.

 

 

 

 

 

Squares , Square Roots, and Cube Roots

The root sign is a symbol that looks like a check mark with a line at the top of the check mark. –

The square of 2 is 4, the square root of 4 is 2. square of 3 is 9, the square root of 9 is 3, square of 4 is 16, square root of 16 is 4

Squares 2, 4 ;  3, 9; 4, 16; 5, 25; 6, 36; 7, 49; 8, 64; 9, 81; 10, 100; 15, 225; 20, 400;  25, 625; 30, 900

The squares of numbers in between have a value of:   a( squared) + 2ab + b (squared)

The square of 13 is  (10 X 10) + 2(10)(3) + (3 X 3)   when a = 10 and b = 3

100 + 60 + 9 = 169

Square roots  4=2; 25=5; 36=6; 49=7; 64=8;  81=9; 100=10; 225=15; 400=20; 625=25; 900=30 .

A cube root will have the root sign with a number 3 above it or in the pocket of the check mark.

What if the value to be squared has a decimal part in the number, such as 1.5?

This is a list of squares from 1.5 to 9.5

SQUARED Value of

1.4 = 1.96

1.5 = 2.25;

2.0 = 4      2.5 = 6.25

3.0= 9      3.5 = 12.25

4.0= 16    4.5 = 20.25

5.0 = 25   5.5 = 30.25 ;

6.0= 36.0 6.5 = 42.25

7.0=49.0  7.5 = 56.25

8.0=64     8.5 = 72.25

9.0=81     9.5 = 90.25

Calculating 9.5 squared using the FOIL method, separating 9.5 into 9.0 and 0.5

( 9.0 + 0.5)((9.0 + 0.5)  = 81.0  + 4.5 + 4.5 + 0.25 = 90.25

Some ASVAB mathematics questions may ask for the square root of a number that is not a perfect square.    It may ask for the square root of 19 , or 23,  or 32,  and provide 4 choices.

From the table above, we see that 4.5 squared = 20.25.  The square root of 19 is a number

between 4.0 and 4.5 .   The square root of 23 is between 4.5  squared (20.25) and 5 squared

= 25, so the root is between 4.5 and 5.0

The square root of 32  is the same as “”square root of 2” X “square root of 16”.

The square root of 16 is 4, so the square root of 32 is the same as 16 X “square root of 2”.

The number value is something higher than 16 X 1.4 =,  or higher than 22.4 , but less than

16 X 1.5=  or less than 24.0   .

CUBES AND CUBE ROOTS

The symbol for a Cube Root is the root sign with the number 3 above the check mark.

The cubes of integers 1 to 10 are  1, 8, 27, 64, 125, 216, 343, 512, 729, and 1000.

 

 

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