In Summer of 2013, the Libraries at UT Arlington underwent a reorganization. During this reorganization, we implemented a new focus on Scholarly Communication.

This blog will discuss scholarly communication issues in a broad sense and as they specifically relate to our campus and libraries as well as documenting  our projects.

About Us

Scholarly Communication Website


The Cost of Knowledge Signees

Note on data in visualization.

This data is a snapshot of the signees to The Cost of Knowledge website on Wednesday, May 27, 2015.

Data provided by Tyler Neylon

Signees to the boycott provide an affiliation, not  a location. In order to do this spatial visualization Josh Been utilized the Bing Maps mapping API to assign geocods to signees affiliation. We disregarded points that it estimated to have less then a 30% chance of being correct. Rafia Mirza and Josh Been then used Tableau Public to create this visualization.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Author Rights

Did you know you can retain some or all of the rights associated with your journal publications, including copyright, and still publish with the journal of your choice? Rather than transfer away all of their rights to publishers, many authors are approaching publishers with an addendum to the publishing contract, modifying the copyright transfer agreement to retain certain rights to use their works in the ways that they need.

Why would you want to retain rights? To reuse, or to authorize others to reuse portions of the work in future publications without being concerned with copyright infringement. To disseminate your work to students or colleagues. To store it on your website or a course website. To deposit a version of it in ResearchCommons, the institutional repository for UT Arlington, or other open access repositories, so that researchers who are not members of institutions paying tens of thousands of dollars for access to journals can still find it, read it, and cite it–and a growing body of research indicates that making works openly available on the web increases citation counts and impact.

You can check a particular journal’s official policy on author rights retention: perhaps you already have the right to deposit your work in the institutional repository. Or, send an email to and library staff will comb your publications on Mentis for you, establishing those works that your publisher will allow you to add to ResearchCommons according to the terms of your contract with them. The library will manage the process of ingesting, preserving, and making these works more accessible.

Value your copyright, and do not transfer to the publisher more than is needed to publish and distribute an article. If you want to find out more about copyright transfer agreements, open access, or other issues related to scholarly communications, contact the Libraries’ Department of Scholarly Communications at!


The open access button

Paywalls reported by the OA button, 11/19/13-11/26/13. Creative Commons image courtesy

As researchers and librarians, we have certainly had the experience of running into a paywall.

We have been searching for information in the databases for ages with little luck, when we think of just the right keywords and come across an article that seems to be precisely what we have been looking for. We click on the article and read the abstract: yes, this is the one I need! But there is no PDF Full Text link. We click on the link resolver to see if it’s available in another database, and the dreaded message flashes on screen. Sorry, no online version available at UTA. Please see additional options below for finding this journal.

Or a student approaches the desk with an article in her hands, and points to the references. “I need this article.” We check our online holdings…I’m sorry, but we do not subscribe to this journal…How soon did you need it?

In any case, if the library does not own a copy of the journal in print, we must either place an interlibrary loan, physically travel to a nearby library that has access and is willing to provide guests with access, or simply do without the article.

The open access movement has been building for approximately the last decade in an attempt to erase paywalls for scholarly literature, so that it can be free to users and accessible anywhere there is an internet connection. It is about challenging the system of publication that keeps the work of researchers out of the reach of anyone outside of those willing to pay exorbitant subscription fees, and enabling all people to share in the fruits of research. See the list of resources below to read more about what open access is and what the movement seeks to achieve.

Logo of the open Access Button“Each paywall that I hit is an indictment of a broken scholarly publishing system, where people are denied access to research that they need, and ultimately paid for…Paywalls conflict irreconcilably with the power of the Internet.” These words were spoken by David Carroll (beginning at the 2:39:30 mark), a medical student and co-founder of the open access button. Last week a motivated group of students, seeing this broken system as one they would one day inherit, teamed with developers and organizations from around the world to create it and make it available for download. This is a browser-based tool that will enable us to collect information on “who is being denied access to research, where they were in the world, what they do, and why they wanted to read that research.”



Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Citation Indexing Systems

Last week the UT Arlington Libraries Access & Discovery staff received an email from SerialsSolutions, relaying the news that Web of Science would no longer be indexed in Summon, our discovery service. This post provides a bit of background to and opinions about that announcement.

During the Charleston Conference, an annual conference aimed at those in the collection development and acquisitions industry, Thomson Reuters and Google Scholar announced that they had made a deal to link their content: Web of Science citations would show up in Google Scholar with links directly to Web of Science, and researchers could click on a link from Web of Science to see a search on the item from within Google Scholar. This news came a few days before Google’s launch of Scholar Library, their foray into citation management.

Initially this seemed like a great development, in that it increases access to Web of Science citations. Also, researchers conducting literature reviews or research impact analysis could take advantage of Google’s speed and ease of use along with Web of Science’s advanced search, filtration, and analysis options to, for instance, more efficiently filter out non-peer reviewed items and obtain an in-depth knowledge of an article’s citation counts.

However, after a few days, many libraries (including UT Arlington) received an email from SerialsSolutions (the company that runs Summon), stating:

Last week we were notified by Thomson that they will no longer be participating partners with any discovery service. This means that after December 31st, Web of Science content will no longer be discoverable in the Summon service – nor will we be displaying WoS citation counts.

Libraries with ExLibris’s discovery service, Primo Central, received the same message. This blog post directly reproduced the letter from Thomson Reuters that was sent to ExLibris:

“Thomson Reuters has decided to focus on enabling customers and end users to use the Web of Science research discovery environment as the primary interface for authoritative search and evaluation of citation connected research. For this reason Thomson Reuters will no longer make Web of Science content available for indexing within EBSCO, Summon, or Primo Central. Thomson Reuters will, however, continue to support Web of Science accessibility via integrated federated search tools that are available in Primo or other systems.

“The impact of this decision on your end users will be limited because the vast majority of the Web of Science records are available in Primo Central via Elsevier Scopus and other resources of similar quality. The Scopus collection is now fully indexed in the Primo Central Index and is searchable by mutual customers of Scopus and Primo Central.

Another letter from Thomson Reuters is reproduced here. Of interest:

Increasingly we have seen that while Discovery Services are a valuable tool for accessing full text content, they are not a replacement for the unique research discovery experience that the Web of Science offers.

As enabling research discovery based on citation connections is the primary objective of the Web of Science, and the foundation upon which our evaluation, selection and indexing process is based, we believe it is in the best interest of our customers and end users to use the Web of Science research discovery environment as the primary interface for authoritative search and evaluation of citation connected research.

For this reason we will no longer make Web of Science content available for indexing within EBSCO, Summon or Primo Central. We will, however, continue to support Web of Science Accessibility via linking and federated search capabilities in each of these discovery layers.

Notwithstanding their remarks on “enabling” users to rely on the Web of Science interface and that using their interface is “in the best interests of [their] customers,” they went through with the deal with Google to facilitate the use of their citations on Google Scholar. This implied to us that Thomson Reuters deal with Google Scholar was exclusive, and that Thomson Reuters was decisively turning its back on library discovery services, banking on Google Scholar as the discovery service of the future.

After what we assume to be quite a bit of push back from various libraries, Thomson made another announcement, that they “…have been in the process of evaluating our relationships with the three major discovery service providers [EBSCO/Proquest/Ex-Libris] and have decided to continue the indexing of Web of Science in them.”



Bibliography for 09/25 Discussion on the Scholarly Monograph & University Presses

Compiled by Clarke Iakovakis

Association of American University Presses. (2011). Sustaining scholarly publishing: New business models for university presses. New York.

Bargheer, M. & Schmidt, B. (2008). Gottingen University Press: Publishing services in an open access environmentInformation Services & Use 28, 133-139. doi:10.3233/ISU-2008/0569

Crewe, J. (2004). Scholarly publishing: Why our business is your business tooProfession, 25-31.

Dalton, M. S. (2009). The publishing experiences of historians. In Greco, A. N. (Ed.), The state of scholarly publishing: Challenges and opportunities. New Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Publishers.

Donoghue, F. (2008). The last professors : The corporate university and the fate of thehumanities. New York: Fordham University Press.

Fitzpatrick, K. (2011). Planned obsolescence. New York: New York University Press.

Greco, A. N., Jones, R. F., Wharton, R. M., & Estelami, H. (2007). The changing college and university library market for university press books and journals: 1997-2004. Journal of Scholarly Publishing, 39(1), 1-32. doi:10.3138/jsp.39.1.1

Howard, J. (2013). For new ideas in scholarly publishing, look to the library. Chronicle of Higher Education, 59(22), 20-20.

Jagodzinski, C. M. (2008). The university press in North America: A brief history. Journal of Scholarly Publishing, 40(1), 1-20. doi:10.3138/jsp.40.1.1

McGreal, R., Chen, N.S., & McNamara, T. A comparison of an open access university press with traditional presses: Two years laterInformation Services & Use, 31, 211-214. doi:10.3233/ISU-2012-0650

Morrison, H. (2009). Scholarly communication for librarians. Oxford: Chandos Pub.

Steele, C. (2008). Scholarly monograph publishing in the 21st century: The future more than ever should be an open bookJournal of Electronic Publishing, 11(2). doi:10.3998/3336451.0011.201

Suber, P. (2012). Open access. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. Retrieved from

Thompson, J. B. (2005). Books in the digital age: The transformation of academic and highereducation publishing in Britain and the United States. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press.

Vincent, N. (2013). The monograph challenge. In Vincent, N. & Wickham, C. (Eds.), Debating open access. London: British Academy.


To the extent possible under law,

Clarke Iakovakis

has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to
Bibliography for 09/25 Discussion on the Scholarly Monograph & University Presses.
This work is published from:

United States

Note: This content previously published HERE


History Brownbag: The Historical Profession, Open Access & Scholarly Communication

Recently the AHA (American Historical Association) released a Statement on Policies Regarding the Embargoing of Completed History PhD Dissertations. This position sparked quite a bit of discussion, on ETDs and embargoes as well as on larger issue around Open Access, Scholarly Communication, and tenure.

Below we have gathered selected quotes from a variety of responses, with the intention of giving an introduction to this conversation before the Department of History Brownbag Series talk on 9/25/13 .

In addition to this blog entry, we also request that you please take a moment to read this overview on Open Access and the Historical Profession

Topics for this brown bag are as follows:

  • Scholarly Communication
  • Open access
  • ETDs & Embargoes

Transformations in Scholarly Communication

“The problem is that the apparent economic imperatives of the academic publishing industry run directly counter to a central value of our profession: the open dissemination of historical knowledge.”

The percentage of university funds allocated to academic libraries shrank for the 14th straight year in 2009, dipping below 2 percent for the first time, according to updated figures from the Association of Research Libraries.”

“Just because the existing scholarly publishing system has served the academy fairly well in the past does not mean that it has an intrinsic right to continue to exist in perpetuity. It should not, and must not, become a barrier to our aspirations and our innovations. If the day has come when the scholarly publishing system impedes scholarship, teaching, and learning it should—indeed must—be replaced by a new and more responsive system. As Don Waters of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation famously reminded us, “It’s the scholarship stupid.”We need to remember what’s really important here, and what our ultimate goals are.”

Cliff Lynch as cited in Scholarly Monograph Publishing in the 21st Century: The Future More Than Ever Should Be an Open Book

Prioritizing the print book in the Historical Profession

Library budgets are decreasing, as serial publication costs are increasing exponentially. In order to cover their expenditures on serials, many libraries are cutting their book budgets, which in turn causes University Presses to cut their acquisition budgets or to look for texts that will have crossover appeal.

“One university press director commented,  “Some manuscripts, even if published electronically as dissertations, are appealing regardless of their electronic availability because the audience for them  in print form is substantial enough that  it does not matter. There is a substantial market for certain works of Civil War history, for instance, that is quite broad. The lay readership for Civil War history,  for instance, wants to have the book and would not likely know or have access to the text in dissertation (electronic) form. Even if they knew, they would likely still want the book.”

“On the side of the library, Duke University’s Scholarly Communication Officer Kevin Smith twice addresses the misinformed claim that academic libraries, the primary market for academic monographs, are purchasing less books based on the open availability of dissertations. He points out the AHA’s lack of substantial evidence to support their claims, and argues that more likely, less books are being purchased due to shrinking budgets, and the need to support broad curricular resources not specific academic niches.”

“Since 1996, history was—by one measure—the only field where university presses produced more than 40 percent of all new titles.”

via History and the Future of Scholarly Publishing. This entry was written in 2003 about how the field’s reliance on academic presses “could become a critical problem in the coming years, if many junior faculty members can’t publish their first books.” The issues the author pointed out have only become more pressing in the intervening years, and this article makes no mention of ETD or Open Access.

via ARL Statistics 2010-11

“The Historical Profession, the Book, Embargoes, and Open Access”

“…the book has in many ways become an end to itself.  Rather than creating research outputs that are best suited to content and audience, academic historians must produce a particular kind of object.  The effects of this are not inconsequential.  Promotion and tenure committees within academic institutions have little impetus to reconsider the markers and measures of academic quality.  As such, non-traditional research outputs –  including those produced in open access formats, such as blogs, data sets, and websites — are not only devalued, but most promotion and tenure committees have poor measures in place to assess them.  It is this, rather than any threat to publishing prospects, that threatens the success of junior scholars who might be eager to produce scholarship in the open access environment.  Likewise, the open access movement has much in common with the aims of Public History, a field in which openness and accessibility play a prominent role and in which research outputs diverge from traditional academia.  Prioritizing the book over other forms of scholarship reinforces a division between those who produce work for other scholars and those who produce work for and with the public when, in fact, both academic historians and public historians should be producing work for and with other scholars and the public.”


Theme: Aeros 2.0 by

Skip to toolbar